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    Home / College Guide / Daily Update: Monday, October 11th, 2021
     Posted on Tuesday, October 12 @ 00:00:09 PDT
    College

    Today is the Optional Memorial of Saint John XXIII, Pope (died 1963). And today is General Pulaski Memorial Day. Today is the annual Boston Marathon, the world’s oldest annual marathon and one of the world’s most prestigious road racing events (postponed from the spring). Since today is the second Monday in October, today is Columbus Day (Observed), Indigenous Peoples Day, and Thanksgiving Day in Canada. Saint John XXIII, Pope (died 1963) was born in 1881 in Sotto il Monte, Italy as Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, into a peasant family. Educated at Bergamo and the Pontifical Roman Seminary, he was ordained in 1904. He served as secretary to the bishop of Bergamo from 1904 to 1914, during which he wrote the basis for his five-volume biography of Saint Charles Borromeo. He then served in World War I in the medical corps and as a chaplain. After the war he worked in Rome and reorganized the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. Made a titular archbishop in 1925, he served as the Vatican diplomatic representative to Bulgaria, Turkey, and Greece before being made the Papal nuncio to France in 1944 where he mediated between conservative and socially radical clergy. He was created a Cardinal in 1953, and made Patriarch of Venice three days later.

    He took the name of John when he was elected the 261st Pope in 1958. As Pope he stressed his own pastoral duties as well as those of other bishops and clergy, and promoted social reforms for workers, poor people, orphans, and the outcast. He advanced cooperation with other faiths and traditions including Protestant, Greek Orthodox, Church of England, and even Shinto. In April 1959 he forbade Catholics to vote for parties supporting Communism. He nearly doubled the number of cardinals, making the college the largest in history. In 1959 he announced his intent to call a ecumenical council (less than ninety years after Vatican I) to consider ways to renew the Church in the modern world, promote diversity within the unity of the Church, and consider reforms promoted by ecumenical and liturgical movements. His encyclical Mater et Magistra in 1961 advocated social reform, assistance to underdeveloped countries, a living wage for all workers, and support for socialist measures that promised real benefit to society. Prior to the first session of the council, John XXIII visited Assisi and Loreto on October 4th, 1962 to pray for the new upcoming council as well as to mark the feast day of St.

    Francis of Assisi. He was the first pope to travel outside of Rome since Pope Pius IX (died 1878). Convening the Second Vatican Council in 1962 was the high point of his reign. His heartiness, his overflowing love for humanity individually and collectively, and his freshness of approach to ecclesiastical affairs made John one of the best-loved popes of modern times. Declared a Servant of God by his successor, Paul VI, John was beatified in 2000; the date chosen for his feast day is not that of his death (June 3rd), or of his birth, but the anniversary date of the convening of the first session of the Second Vatican Council. He was canonized (alongside Pope John Paul II) on April 27th, 2014, and he is the Patron Saint of Christian Unity and of Papal delegates, of the Second Vatican Council, and of the Patriarchy of Venice. General Pulaski Memorial Day is a United States holiday in honor of General Kazimierz Pu?aski (spelled Casimir Pulaski in English), a Polish hero of the American Revolution. Born in 1745 in Warsaw and following in his father’s footsteps, he became interested in politics at an early age and soon became involved in the military and the revolutionary affairs in Poland (the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth).

    Pulaski was one of the leading military commanders for the Bar Confederation and fought against Russian domination of the Commonwealth. When this uprising failed, he was driven into exile. Following a recommendation by Benjamin Franklin, Pulaski immigrated to North America to help in the cause of the American Revolutionary War. He distinguished himself throughout the revolution, most notably when he saved the life of George Washington in covering the retreat from the Battle of Brandywine in 1777. Pulaski became a general in the Continental Army, created the Pulaski Cavalry Legion and reformed the American cavalry as a whole. At the Battle of Savannah in 1779, while leading a daring charge against British forces, he was gravely wounded, and died shortly thereafter on October 11th, 1779. Pulaski is remembered as a hero who fought for independence and freedom in both Poland and the United States, and this holiday honors the heritage of Polish Americans. The observance was established in 1929 when Congress passed a resolution (Public Resolution 16 of 1929) designating October 11th as General Pulaski Memorial Day. Every President has issued a proclamation for the observance annually since (except in 1930); President Joseph R.

    Biden did so on October 8th, 2021. Today is the date of the annual Boston Marathon (postponed from the spring). Begun in 1897 and inspired by the success of the first modern-day marathon competition in the 1896 Summer Olympics, the Boston Marathon is the world’s oldest annual marathon and ranks as one of the world’s best-known road racing events. It is one of five World Marathon Major Events (with the other events held in London, Berlin, Chicago and New York City). The Boston Athletic Association (B.A.A.) manages this event, and amateur and professional runners from all over the world compete in the Boston Marathon each year, braving the hilly New England terrain and varying weather to take part in the race. With approximately half a million spectators, the Boston Marathon is New England’s most widely viewed sporting event. The event attracts an average of about twenty thousand registered participants each year. In the 100th running of the Boston Marathon in 1996, the number of participants reached thirty-eight thousand. While there are cash prizes awarded to the winners of the marathon, most of the runners participate for the accomplishment of having run the race at all. Because the course drops four hundred and fifty-nine feet from start to finish and the start is quite far west of the finish, allowing a helpful tailwind, the Boston Marathon does not satisfy two of the criteria necessary for the ratification of world or American records.

    At Wellesley College, a women’s college, it is traditional for the students to cheer on the runners in what is referred to as the Scream Tunnel, roughly half a mile prior to the halfway mark of the course;. For about a quarter of a mile, the students line the course, scream, and offer kisses. The Scream Tunnel is so loud runners claim it can be heard from a mile away. Heartbreak Hill is an ascent over 0.4-mile between the 20 and 21-mile marks, near Boston College. It is the last of four “Newton hills”, which begin at the 16-mile mark and challenge contestants with late (if modest) climbs after the course’s general downhill trend to that point. Every year, the Boston Red Sox play a home game at Fenway Park, starting at 11:05 am. When the game ends, the crowd empties into Kenmore Square to cheer as the runners enter the final mile. This tradition started in 1903. On the negative side, in 1980 Rosie Ruiz came out of nowhere to win the women’s race; a subsequent investigation concluded that Ruiz had skipped most of the race and blended into the crowd about one mile from the finish line, where she then ran to her apparent victory. And in 2013 the race was marred by the explosion of two bombs in the spectator section near the finish line, hours after the front-runners finished the race, but while thousands were still running.

    Three people died, with many people suffering dire injuries; a police officer and one of the bombers were killed in the subsequent manhunt, and the other bomber has been found guilty but not yet sentenced. On the positive side, Dick Hoyt (died 2021) and Rick Hoyt completed their thirty-first Boston Marathon in 2014 when Dick was seventy-three and Rick was fifty-two. Rick was born with cerebral palsy in 1962; in 1977, he and his father began to compete in road races and marathons, with Dick pushing Rick in his wheelchair. When asked about their motivation to continue racing, they both said that they hoped to prove to people all over the world that disabled individuals should not be left in the corner and forgotten about, but rather included so that they can have the life experiences others are so lucky to have. A bronze statue in honor of the Hoyts was dedicated on April 8th, 2013, near the start of the Boston Marathon in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. They did not finish the 2013 race (due to the bombing), and the 2014 race was their last as team runners; Dick was the Grand Marshal for the 2015 race, and Rick was in the race, pushed by Bryan Lyons, who had been with the pair since 2009.

    The 2020 Boston Marathon Race was at first postponed due to Covid-19, and then canceled; it was the first time the race had ever been postponed or canceled. The Second Monday in October is Columbus Day (Observed), a Federal United States holiday observed on this date since 1971, giving a three-day holiday to banks, the bond market, the U.S. Postal Service and other federal agencies, most state government offices, and some school districts. Indigenous Peoples’ Day (also known as Native American Day) is a holiday celebrated in various localities in the United States. It began as a counter-celebration to Columbus Day, promoting Native American culture and commemorating the history of Native American peoples. The celebration began in Berkeley, California, through the International Indian Treaty Council, and Denver, Colorado, as a protest against Columbus Day, which is listed as a federal holiday in the United States, but is not observed as a state holiday in every state. Indigenous Peoples’ Day is usually held on the second Monday of October, coinciding with the federal observance of Columbus Day. The Second Monday in October is also Thanksgiving Day in Canada, since 1957; presumably, our neighbors to the North celebrate their Thanksgiving now, because by the fourth Thursday in November the weather in most of Canada is nothing to be thankful for.

    I woke up at 8:30 am at Liz Ellen’s house in Eastern Kentucky, posted to Facebook that today was General Pulaski Memorial Day, posted to Facebook that today was Columbus Day (Observed), posted to Facebook that today was Indigenous Peoples Day, posted to Facebook that today was Thanksgiving Day (Canada), and posted to Facebook that today was the Boston Marathon. I did my Book Devotional Reading, and started reading the Acadiana Advocate online. Liz Ellen and I left at 10:45 am, went to Hobby Lobby, Lowe’s, and Joan’s for final materials for the cookie jar top. We got back to the house, picked up Richard, and we went to eat at Bombshells Burgers & BBQ in Huntington, West Virginia. When we got back to the house we left Richard off, then I went to the nail salon and got my nails done (in a slightly lighter purple color than I am used to). On our way home I called my home Walmart Pharmacy and the local Walmart Pharmacy about a prescription I will need in a few weeks. Once home I finished reading the Acadiana Advocate online. Liz Ellen’s friend came by with three kittens, who were all sweet and polite (Widget was not happy, though). At 7:30 pm we watched Jeopardy!, where champion Matt Amodio lost after a string of thirty-eight wins.

    I then took the polish off of my toenails. Our New Orleans Pelicans will be playing an Away Preseason NBA game with the Utah Jazz. Tomorrow we have no Saints to honor, but tomorrow is Columbus Day. We will go to Walmart to pick up my prescription, and we have nothing else planned. The First Quarter Moon will arrive at 11:25 pm. This Monday evening brings us a Parting Quote from Beano Cook, American football commentator (died 2012). Born as Carroll Cook in 1931 in Boston, Massachusetts, he moved with his family to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at the age of seven and was promptly dubbed “Beano”, since he had “come from Beantown”. He attended Brown University for one year before transferring to the University of Pittsburgh, graduating in 1954, then served for two years in the U.S. Army. Cook was a sports publicist for the University of Pittsburgh from 1956 to March 1966, and became the NCAA press director for ABC Sports, a job he held until 1974. He worked for the Miami Dolphins for one season, served as a publicist for both ABC and CBS in New York City, and spent time as a vice president with the Pittsburgh Civic Arena when it was run by Edward DeBartolo, Sr. In between those stints, Cook volunteered with VISTA in Florida in 1976.

    For a brief period in the late 1980s, Cook did commentary on WPXI-TV in Pittsburgh. Cook joined ESPN in 1986 as a studio commentator. He also did freelance radio and television work in the Pittsburgh area. He was most recently seen on ESPNEWS every Thursday on The Hot List debating with Brian Kenny. Cook could be heard weekly on ESPN Radio during The Herd with Colin Cowherd and on Wednesdays he was a special guest on ESPN Radio’s I-Formation hosted by Ivan Maisel. He also appeared weekly on Pittsburgh’s Fox Sports Radio 970 AM, WBGG-AM, and appeared weekly during football season at 8:00 am on the Mitch in The Morning Show on Sports Radio 950 KJR AM in Seattle. He co-hosted the ESPNU College Football Podcast on ESPN.com and iTunes with Maisel. He was an occasional guest of Mark Madden on ESPN 1250 in Pittsburgh as well as on ESPN Radio’s AllNight with Jason Smith show. Known for his frequent historical references and his affinity for college football played in the Upper Midwest and Rust Belt states, he possessed a quick wit and a penchant for telling humorous stories. After the Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn in 1981 offered the returning hostages from the Iran hostage crisis lifetime passes to Major League Baseball games, Cook quipped, “Haven’t they suffered enough?” Cook was also often referred to as the “Pope of College Football” due to his knowledge and tenure with the game.

    He was in seven episodes of ESPN SportsCentury in 2000, and in 2004 and 2005 he was in two episodes of ESPN 25: Who’s #1? . He was in the video documentary Woody Hayes’ Ohio State Buckeyes in 2008, and began a weblog in 2010, covering topics other than college football. It was announced on December 8th, 2010 on ESPNU that Cook was the 2010 winner of the Bert McGrane Award (died 2012): “You only have to bat a thousand in two things; flying and heart transplants. Everything else you can go four for five.”

     
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