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    Home / College Guide / X-Men (Earth-616)
     Posted on Wednesday, July 10 @ 00:00:09 PDT
    College

    | | mNo edit summary | | No edit summary |Line 1:||Line 1:| | | {{Marvel Database:Team Template | | {{Marvel Database:Team Template |?|| | | Image = X-Men Vol |+|| | | Image = X-Men Vol Variant Textless.jpg | | | Name = X-Men | | | Name = X-Men | | | EditorialNames = [[Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1|Extraordinary X-Men]], [[Amazing X-Men Vol 1|Amazing X-Men]], [[Uncanny X-Men Vol 1|Uncanny X-Men]], [[Astonishing X-Men Vol 1|Astonishing X-Men]], [[New X-Men Vol 1|New X-Men]] | | | EditorialNames = [[Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1|Extraordinary X-Men]], [[Amazing X-Men Vol 1|Amazing X-Men]], [[Uncanny X-Men Vol 1|Uncanny X-Men]], [[Astonishing X-Men Vol 1|Astonishing X-Men]], [[New X-Men Vol 1|New X-Men]] |Line 11:||Line 11:| | | [[Evan Sabahnur (Earth-616)|Apocalypse]],{{r|Avengers & X-Men: AXIS Vol 1 4}} [[Warren Worthington III (Earth-616)|Archangel]],{{Citation}} [[Sean Cassidy (Earth-616)|Banshee]],{{Citation}} [[Henry McCoy (Earth-616)|Beast]],{{Citation}} [[Emma Frost (Earth-616)|Emma Frost]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 1}} [[Remy LeBeau (Earth-616)|Gambit]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 381}} [[Jean Grey (Earth-616)|Jean Grey]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 392}} [[Alexander Summers (Earth-616)|Havok]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 157}} [[Robert Drake (Earth-616)|Iceman]],{{r|X-Men: Gold Vol 2 23}} [[Lockheed (Earth-616)|Lockheed]],{{Citation}} [[Moira MacTaggert (Earth-616)|Dr.

    Moira MacTaggert]],{{Citation}} [[Max Eisenhardt (Earth-616)|Magneto]],{{Citation}} [[Lorna Dane (Earth-616)|Magnetrix]],{{Citation}} [[Calvin Rankin (Earth-616)|Mimic]],{{Citation}} [[Danielle Moonstar (Earth-616)|Dani Moonstar]],{{Citation}} [[Kurt Wagner (Earth-616)|Nightcrawler]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 192}} [[Charles Xavier (Earth-616)|Professor X]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Kevin Sidney (Earth-616)|Professor X]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 65}} [[Katherine Pryde (Earth-616)|Kitty Pryde]],{{r|X-Men Prime Vol 2 1}} [[Elizabeth Braddock (Earth-616)|Psylocke (Braddock)]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 249}} [[Rogue (Anna Marie) (Earth-616)|Rogue]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 103}} [[Ororo Munroe (Earth-616)|Storm]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 139}} [[Everett Thomas (Earth-616)|Synch]]{{r|X-Men: Hellfire Gala Vol 1 1}} [[Laura Kinney (Earth-616)|Talon]],{{r|X-Men: Hellfire Gala Vol 1 1}} [[Gabriel Summers (Earth-616)|Vulcan]], [[James Howlett (Earth-616)|Wolverine]]{{r|Wolverine and the X-Men Vol 1 1}} | | [[Evan Sabahnur (Earth-616)|Apocalypse]],{{r|Avengers & X-Men: AXIS Vol 1 4}} [[Warren Worthington III (Earth-616)|Archangel]],{{Citation}} [[Sean Cassidy (Earth-616)|Banshee]],{{Citation}} [[Henry McCoy (Earth-616)|Beast]],{{Citation}} [[Emma Frost (Earth-616)|Emma Frost]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 1}} [[Remy LeBeau (Earth-616)|Gambit]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 381}} [[Jean Grey (Earth-616)|Jean Grey]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 392}} [[Alexander Summers (Earth-616)|Havok]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 157}} [[Robert Drake (Earth-616)|Iceman]],{{r|X-Men: Gold Vol 2 23}} [[Lockheed (Earth-616)|Lockheed]],{{Citation}} [[Moira MacTaggert (Earth-616)|Dr.

    Moira MacTaggert]],{{Citation}} [[Max Eisenhardt (Earth-616)|Magneto]],{{Citation}} [[Lorna Dane (Earth-616)|Magnetrix]],{{Citation}} [[Calvin Rankin (Earth-616)|Mimic]],{{Citation}} [[Danielle Moonstar (Earth-616)|Dani Moonstar]],{{Citation}} [[Kurt Wagner (Earth-616)|Nightcrawler]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 192}} [[Charles Xavier (Earth-616)|Professor X]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Kevin Sidney (Earth-616)|Professor X]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 65}} [[Katherine Pryde (Earth-616)|Kitty Pryde]],{{r|X-Men Prime Vol 2 1}} [[Elizabeth Braddock (Earth-616)|Psylocke (Braddock)]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 249}} [[Rogue (Anna Marie) (Earth-616)|Rogue]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 103}} [[Ororo Munroe (Earth-616)|Storm]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 139}} [[Everett Thomas (Earth-616)|Synch]]{{r|X-Men: Hellfire Gala Vol 1 1}} [[Laura Kinney (Earth-616)|Talon]],{{r|X-Men: Hellfire Gala Vol 1 1}} [[Gabriel Summers (Earth-616)|Vulcan]], [[James Howlett (Earth-616)|Wolverine]]{{r|Wolverine and the X-Men Vol 1 1}} | | }} | | }} |?|| | | CurrentMembers = [[Henry McCoy (Beasts Clone) (Earth-616)|Beast]],{{r|X-Men Vol 6 35}} [[Scott Summers (Earth-616)|Cyclops]]{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} |+|| | | CurrentMembers = [[Henry McCoy (Beasts Clone) (Earth-616)|Beast]],{{r|X-Men Vol 6 35}} [[Scott Summers (Earth-616)|Cyclops]]{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} | | | FormerMembers = | | | FormerMembers = | | More information: [[List of X-Men members]]
    | | More information: [[List of X-Men members]]
    |?|| | Main team: [[Warren Worthington III (Earth-616)|Angel/Archangel]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Evan Sabahnur (Earth-616)|Apocalypse (Genesis)]],{{r|Avengers & X-Men: AXIS Vol 1 4}} [[Ariel (Coconut Grove) (Earth-616)|Ariel]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 226}} [[Hisako Ichiki (Earth-616)|Armor]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 20}} [[Jeanne-Marie Beaubier (Earth-616)|Aurora]],{{r|Secret Invasion: X-Men Vol 1 2}} [[Sean Cassidy (Earth-616)|Banshee]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Henry McCoy (Earth-616)|Beast]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Lucas Bishop (Earth-1191)|Bishop]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 287}} [[Clarice Ferguson (Earth-616)|Blink]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 35}} [[Tabitha Smith (Earth-616)|Boom-Boom]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 517}} [[Nathan Summers (Earth-616)|Cable]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 2 1}} [[Caliban (Earth-616)|Caliban]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 487}} [[Cerebra (A.

    I.) (Earth-616)|Cerebra]],{{r|Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Jonothon Starsmore (Earth-616)|Chamber]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 398}} [[Tyrone Johnson (Earth-616)|Cloak]],{{r|Dark Avengers Vol 1 8}} [[Piotr Rasputin (Earth-616)|Colossus]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Douglas Ramsey (Earth-616)|Cypher]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 8}} [[Tandy Bowen (Earth-616)|Dagger]],{{r|Dark Avengers Vol 1 8}} [[Danger (Earth-616)|Danger]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 226}} [[Armando Muñoz (Earth-616)|Darwin]],{{r|X-Men: Deadly Genesis Vol 1 4}} [[James Bradley (Earth-616)|Doctor Nemesis]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 504}} [[Neena Thurman (Earth-616)|Domino]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 508}} [[E.V.A. (Earth-616)|E.V.A.]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 520}} [[Charlie Cluster-7 (Earth-616)|Fantomex]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 520}} [[Angelica Jones (Earth-616)|Firestar]],{{r|X-Men: Hellfire Gala Vol 1 1}} [[Forge (Earth-616)|Forge]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 255}} [[ForgetMeNot (Xabi) (Earth-616)|ForgetMeNot]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 300}} [[Remy LeBeau (Earth-616)|Gambit]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 266}} [[Fabio Medina (Earth-616)|Goldballs]],{{r|Death of X Vol 1 1}} [[Jean Grey (Earth-616)|Jean Grey]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Alexander Summers (Earth-616)|Havok]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 65}} [[Hepzibah (Earth-616)|Hepzibah]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 486}} [[Hope Summers (Earth-616)|Hope]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 2 1}} [[Paige Guthrie (Earth-616)|Husk]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 412}} [[Robert Drake (Earth-616)|Iceman]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Eric Gitter (Earth-616)|Ink]],{{r|X-Men: Gold Vol 2 17}} [[Madison Jeffries (Earth-616)|Madison Jeffries]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 505}} [[Joseph (Earth-616)|Joseph]],{{r|X-Men Unlimited Vol 1 11 |+|| | Main team: [[Warren Worthington III (Earth-616)|Angel/Archangel]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Evan Sabahnur (Earth-616)|Apocalypse (Genesis)]],{{r|Avengers & X-Men: AXIS Vol 1 4}} [[Ariel (Coconut Grove) (Earth-616)|Ariel]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 226}} [[Hisako Ichiki (Earth-616)|Armor]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 20}} [[Jeanne-Marie Beaubier (Earth-616)|Aurora]],{{r|Secret Invasion: X-Men Vol 1 2}} [[Sean Cassidy (Earth-616)|Banshee]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Henry McCoy (Earth-616)|Beast]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Lucas Bishop (Earth-1191)|Bishop]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 287}} [[Clarice Ferguson (Earth-616)|Blink]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 35}} [[Tabitha Smith (Earth-616)|Boom-Boom]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 517}} [[Nathan Summers (Earth-616)|Cable]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 2 1}} [[Caliban (Earth-616)|Caliban]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 487}} [[Cerebra (A.

    I.) (Earth-616)|Cerebra]],{{r|Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Jonothon Starsmore (Earth-616)|Chamber]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 398}} [[Tyrone Johnson (Earth-616)|Cloak]],{{r|Dark Avengers Vol 1 8}} [[Piotr Rasputin (Earth-616)|Colossus]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Douglas Ramsey (Earth-616)|Cypher]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 8}} [[Tandy Bowen (Earth-616)|Dagger]],{{r|Dark Avengers Vol 1 8}} [[Danger (Earth-616)|Danger]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 226}} [[Armando Muñoz (Earth-616)|Darwin]],{{r|X-Men: Deadly Genesis Vol 1 4}} [[James Bradley (Earth-616)|Doctor Nemesis]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 504}} [[Neena Thurman (Earth-616)|Domino]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 508}} [[E.V.A. (Earth-616)|E.V.A.]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 520}} [[Charlie Cluster-7 (Earth-616)|Fantomex]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 520}} [[Angelica Jones (Earth-616)|Firestar]],{{r|X-Men: Hellfire Gala Vol 1 1}} [[Forge (Earth-616)|Forge]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 255}} [[ForgetMeNot (Xabi) (Earth-616)|ForgetMeNot]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 300}} [[Remy LeBeau (Earth-616)|Gambit]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 266}} [[Fabio Medina (Earth-616)|Goldballs]],{{r|Death of X Vol 1 1}} [[Jean Grey (Earth-616)|Jean Grey]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Alexander Summers (Earth-616)|Havok]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 65}} [[Hepzibah (Earth-616)|Hepzibah]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 486}} [[Hope Summers (Earth-616)|Hope]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 2 1}} [[Paige Guthrie (Earth-616)|Husk]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 412}} [[Robert Drake (Earth-616)|Iceman]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Eric Gitter (Earth-616)|Ink]],{{r|X-Men: Gold Vol 2 17}} [[Madison Jeffries (Earth-616)|Madison Jeffries]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 505}} [[Joseph (Earth-616)|Joseph]],{{r|X-Men Unlimited Vol 1 11}} [[Xuân Cao M?nh (Earth-616)|Karma]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 501}} [[Regan Wyngarde (Earth-616)|Lady Mastermind]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 192}} [[David Haller (Earth-616)|Legion]],{{r|X-Men: Legacy Vol 1 250}} [[Heather Cameron (Earth-616)|Lifeguard]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 2 1}} [[Lockheed (Earth-616)|Lockheed]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 168}} [[James Howlett (Earth-21923)|Logan]],{{r|Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1 3}} [[Longshot (Mojoverse)|Longshot]],{{r|X-Men Annual Vol 1 10}} [[Maggott (Japheth) (Earth-616)|Maggott]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 70}} [[Amara Aquilla (Earth-616)|Magma]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 1}} [[Max Eisenhardt (Earth-616)|Magneto]],{{r|Secret Wars II Vol 1 1}} [[Eden Fesi (Earth-616)|Manifold]],{{r|Fall of the House of X Vol 1 3}} [[Sarah Rushman (Earth-616)|Marrow]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 70}} [[Calvin Rankin (Earth-616)|Mimic]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 27}} [[Danielle Moonstar (Earth-616)|Mirage]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 5}} [[Kamala Khan (Earth-616)|Ms.

    Marvel]],{{r|X-Men Vol 6 25}} [[James Madrox (Bartender) (Earth-616)|Multiple Man]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 5 13}} [[Raven Darkhölme (Earth-616)|Mystique]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 181}} [[Namor McKenzie (Earth-616)|Namor]],{{r|Dark Avengers Vol 1 8}} [[Kurt Wagner (Earth-616)|Nightcrawler]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Jean-Paul Beaubier (Earth-616)|Northstar]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 392}} [[Karima Shapandar (Earth-616)|Omega Sentinel]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 189}}{{r|X-Men Vol 2 192}} [[Monet St. Croix (Earth-616)|Penance]],{{r|X-Men Vol 4 7}} [[Petra (Earth-616)|Petra]],{{r|X-Men: Deadly Genesis Vol 1 4}} [[Megan Gwynn (Earth-616)|Pixie]],{{r|Free Comic Book Day 2008 X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Lorna Dane (Earth-616)|Polaris]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 60}} [[Charles Xavier (Earth-616)|Professor X]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Elizabeth Braddock (Earth-616)|Psylocke (Braddock)]],{{r|New Mutants Annual Vol 1 2}} [[Simon Lasker (Earth-616)|Pyro]],{{r|X-Men: Gold Vol 2 23}} [[Kavita Rao (Earth-616)|Dr. Kavita Rao]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 508}} [[Cecilia Reyes (Earth-616)|Dr. Cecilia Reyes]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 70}} [[Santo Vaccarro (Earth-616)|Rockslide]],{{r|Amazing X-Men Vol 2 15}} [[Rogue (Anna Marie) (Earth-616)|Rogue]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 171}} [[Victor Creed (Earth-616)|Sabretooth]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 192}} [[Sage (Earth-616)|Sage]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 444}} [[Katherine Pryde (Earth-616)|Shadowkat]],{{r|X-Men Vol 1 138}} [[Miranda Leevald (Earth-616)|Stacy X]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 399}} [[Ororo Munroe (Earth-616)|Storm]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Shiro Yoshida (Earth-616)|Sunfire]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Roberto Da Costa (Earth-616)|Sunspot]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 1}} [[Suzanne Chan (Earth-616)|Sway]],{{r|X-Men: Deadly Genesis Vol 1 4}} [[Everett Thomas (Earth-616)|Synch]],{{r|X-Men Vol 5 21}} [[Yuriko Takiguchi (Earth-616)|Dr.

    Yuriko Takiguchi]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 507}} [[Laura Kinney (Earth-616)|Talon]],{{r|X-Men: Second Coming Vol 1 1}} [[John Proudstar (Earth-616)|Thunderbird (Proudstar)]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Neal Shaara (Earth-616)|Thunderbird (Shaara)]],{{r|X-Men Vol 2 100}} [[Gabriel Summers (Earth-616)|Vulcan]],{{r|X-Men: Deadly Genesis Vol 1 4}} [[AvaDara Naganandini (Earth-616)|Warbird]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 3 48}} [[Warlock (Technarch) (Earth-616)|Warlock]],{{r|New Mutants Vol 3 6}} [[James Proudstar (Earth-616)|Warpath]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 1 475}} [[Emma Frost (Earth-616)|White Queen]],{{r|New X-Men Vol 1 116}} [[Rahne Sinclair (Earth-616)|Wolfsbane]],{{r|Uncanny X-Men Vol 5 12}} [[Laura Kinney (Krakoan Duplicate) (Earth-616)|Wolverine (Kinney)]],{{r|X-Men Vol 6 1}} [[James Howlett (Earth-616)|Wolverine (Logan)]],{{r|Giant-Size X-Men Vol 1 1}} [[Nathaniel Grey (Earth-295)|X-Man]],{{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 2 1}} [[Kuan-Yin Xorn (Earth-616)|Xorn]],{{r|New X-Men 2001 Vol 1 1}} [[Shen Xorn (Earth-616)|Zorn]]{{r|X-Men Vol 2 159}}
    | | Infiltrators: [[Kevin Sidney (Earth-616)|Changeling]] (as Professor X),{{r|X-Men Vol 1 65}} [[Henry McCoy (Earth-295)|Dark Beast]] (as Beast),{{r|X-Men Unlimited Vol 1 10}} [[Phoenix Force (Earth-616)|Phoenix Force]] (as Jean Grey),{{r|X-Men Vol 1 101}} [[Cassandra Nova Xavier (Earth-616)|Cassandra Nova]] (as Professor X),{{r|New X-Men Vol 1 116}} [[James Howlett (Skrull) (Earth-616)|unidentified Skrull]] (as Wolverine){{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 2 1}}
    | | Infiltrators: [[Kevin Sidney (Earth-616)|Changeling]] (as Professor X),{{r|X-Men Vol 1 65}} [[Henry McCoy (Earth-295)|Dark Beast]] (as Beast),{{r|X-Men Unlimited Vol 1 10}} [[Phoenix Force (Earth-616)|Phoenix Force]] (as Jean Grey),{{r|X-Men Vol 1 101}} [[Cassandra Nova Xavier (Earth-616)|Cassandra Nova]] (as Professor X),{{r|New X-Men Vol 1 116}} [[James Howlett (Skrull) (Earth-616)|unidentified Skrull]] (as Wolverine){{r|Astonishing X-Men Vol 2 1}}
    | | Honorary: [[Maya Jackson (Earth-616)|Lucid]]{{r|Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1 17}}
    | | Honorary: [[Maya Jackson (Earth-616)|Lucid]]{{r|Extraordinary X-Men Vol 1 17}}
    Latest revision as of 00:40, 10 July 2024 To me, my X-Men! The X-Men are a superhero group founded by [Professor Charles Xavier](/wiki/Charles_Xavier_(Earth-616)) as a response to the emergence of naturally occurring superhumans known as [mutants](/wiki/Mutants_(Homo_superior)) among the baseline [human](/wiki/Humans_(Homo_sapiens)) society.

    Dedicated to promoting a dream of peaceful coexistence between mutants and humans, Xavier trained his X-Men in the use of their mutant powers at the [Xaviers School for Gifted Youngsters](/wiki/Xavier%27s_School_for_Gifted_Youngsters), forging them into defenders of a world that hates and fears them. Over the years, the heroes of mutantkind found their mission constantly endangered by both reactionary humans and fanatic mutants. [[11]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_1-11) [[114]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_8-114) [[115]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_2_1-115) [[1]](#cite_note-New_X-Men_Vol_1_116-1) [[116]](#cite_note-Powers_of_X_Vol_1_6-116) History [The X-Mens Expanded History](/wiki/X-Men_(Earth-616)/Expanded_History) A Dream is Born The outcome of a leap in natural evolution, [mutants](/wiki/Mutants_(Homo_superior)), or Homo superior, are born with superhuman abilities that often emerge at puberty. Unfortunately, they are often perceived as a menace, being hated and feared by the rest of humanity. Amidst this tension, [Professor Charles Xavier](/wiki/Charles_Xavier_(Earth-616)), secretly a mutant telepath, spent most of his early adult years studying mutation at [Oxford University](/wiki/Oxford_University) and held a unique vision for mutants and humans to coexist peacefully.

    During his time at Oxford, Xavier met the brilliant geneticist [Moira](/wiki/Moira_MacTaggert_(Earth-616)). She revealed herself as a mutant with the ability to reincarnate in the past and reset her own timeline upon death. Moiras multiple lives had revealed a disturbing pattern: mutantkind always lost. The revelation formed a strong bond between Xavier and Moira, who sought for a definitive way to avert mutantkinds devastation. [[117]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_389-117) [[118]](#cite_note-Powers_of_X_Vol_1_1-118) [[116]](#cite_note-Powers_of_X_Vol_1_6-116) Over the years, Xavier realized that not all mutants shared his vision of peaceful harmony. During his travels, he encountered a mutant named [Magnus](/wiki/Max_Eisenhardt_(Earth-616)) in [Israel](/wiki/Israel), who had a radically different perspective, firmly believing that a species war between mutants and humans was unavoidable and that mutants had to assert their dominance as supreme rulers of Earth. This ideological clash forged a profound feud between Xavier and Magnus. [[119]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_161-119) In [Egypt](/wiki/Egypt), Xavier faced the unscrupulous mutant telepath known as the [Shadow King](/wiki/Amahl_Farouk_(Earth-616)).

    This harrowing encounter reinforced Xaviers determination to safeguard the world from the threat of malevolent mutants. His mission became to foster peaceful coexistence between mutants and humans by protecting both sides from the destructive forces that could escalate if left unchecked. [[120]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_117-120) Counting with Moiras support, Xavier decided to establish a school to secretly prepare mutants to serve and protect a world that hated and feared their kind: the X-Men. [[121]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_300-121) [[122]](#cite_note-X-Men_Legacy_Vol_1_208-122) He reformed his fathers estate into the [Xaviers School for Gifted Youngsters](/wiki/Xavier%27s_School_for_Gifted_Youngsters). [[123]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_309-123) Within his X-Mansion, Xavier developed crucial facilities for his mission, such as the [Danger Room](/wiki/Danger_Room), a state-of-the-art training facility, [[11]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_1-11) and [Cerebro](/wiki/Cerebro_(Mutant_Detector)), a mutant-detection device for identifying and locating mutants across the globe. [[124]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_40-124) [[125]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_7-125) After years of preparation, Xavier decided to approach the young mutants he had been keeping track of as anti-mutant hysteria hit its peak.

    Reports about a young mutant accidentally putting lives at risk urged him to to contact FBI agent [Fred Duncan](/wiki/Frederick_Duncan_(Earth-616)), tasked with investigating mutant-related incidents. Through diplomacy, Xavier convinced Duncan to permit him to enroll and train young mutants at his school to stand against the mutants threatening humanity. [[126]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_38-126) [[121]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_300-121) In the following days, Professor X recruited his X-Men. [Scott Summers](/wiki/Scott_Summers_(Earth-616)), the young mutant from the news reports, was rescued from the clutches of evil [Jack Winters](/wiki/Jack_Winters_(Earth-616)) and became the first of the X-Men, codenamed Cyclops. [[127]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_39-42-127) Shortly after, Cyclops and Professor X saved young [Bobby Drake](/wiki/Robert_Drake_(Earth-616)), a mutant commanding extreme cold, from an angry mob; Drake joined the group as Iceman. [[128]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_44-46-128) The winged [Warren Worthington III](/wiki/Warren_Worthington_III_(Earth-616)), who had already embarked on a solo super hero career as the high-flying Angel, [[129]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_54-129) was convinced to join the X-Men after a brief battle.

    [[130]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_55-56-130) Next on the list was the dexterous and intelligent [Hank McCoy](/wiki/Henry_McCoy_(Earth-616)), who was rescued from a would-be conqueror, the [Conquistador](/wiki/Orlando_Furio_(Earth-616)), and joined Xavier under the codename Beast. [[131]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_51-53-131) Rounding out the group, Xavier had [Jean Grey](/wiki/Jean_Grey_(Earth-616)) join them as Marvel Girl, [[11]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_1-11) who had been mentored by Xavier since the traumatic manifestation of her psychic abilities as a child. [[132]](#cite_note-Bizarre_Adventures_Vol_1_27-132) First Class The very first mission of the recently formed uncanny X-Men brought them into direct conflict with Xaviers old friend, Magnus, now known as Magneto, the self-proclaimed Master of Magnetism. The battle occurred at [Cape Citadel](/wiki/Cape_Citadel), a military base Magneto had taken control of, marking the beginning of the ideological and brutal war between Xavier and Magneto. In the years to come, Magneto would become the X-Mens most frequent and formidable adversary. The villain was driven off by the X-Men, who were successful in liberating the base from his clutches.

    Despite the X-Mens heroic actions, their reputation suffered due to growing anti-mutant sentiment. [[11]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_1-11) In their subsequent mission, with assistance from Duncan, the X-Men protected Washington, D.C., against the mutant teleporter and thief known as the [Vanisher](/wiki/Vanisher_(Earth-616)). [[133]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_2-133) During their journey, they also discovered that not all mutants were interested in joining their mission when the immovable [Blob](/wiki/Frederick_Dukes_(Earth-616)) rejected their invitation to their ranks. [[134]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_3-134) Simultaneously, the X-Men found themselves entangled with the broader superhero community: clashing with [Iron Man](/wiki/Anthony_Stark_(Earth-616)), [[135]](#cite_note-Tales_of_Suspense_Vol_1_49-135) aiding the [Sentry](/wiki/Robert_Reynolds_(Earth-616)) against the [General](/wiki/General_(Earth-616)), [[136]](#cite_note-Sentry/X-Men_Vol_1_1-136) and having a conflict with the [Fantastic Four](/wiki/Fantastic_Four_(Earth-616)) when Professor X fell under the control of the [Puppet Master](/wiki/Phillip_Masters_(Earth-616)). [[137]](#cite_note-Fantastic_Four_Vol_1_28-137) These and other encounters marked the beginning of the X-Mens many adventures as they navigated the superhero world.

    Magneto resurfaced to plague the X-Men, forming his own group called the [Brotherhood of Evil Mutants](/wiki/Brotherhood_of_Evil_Mutants_(Earth-616)). The terrorist team consisted of [Quicksilver](/wiki/Pietro_Maximoff_(Earth-616)), the [Scarlet Witch](/wiki/Wanda_Maximoff_(Earth-616)), [Toad](/wiki/Mortimer_Toynbee_(Earth-616)) and [Mastermind](/wiki/Jason_Wyngarde_(Earth-616)). They first confronted the X-Men when conquering the nation of [Santo Marco](/wiki/Santo_Marco_(Country)), which Magneto attempted to colonize, but met defeat. [[138]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_4-138) Subsequently, the Brotherhood escalated the animosity between the two groups of mutants with a full-on attempt to capture the X-Men, with no success. [[139]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_5-139) This was followed by several failed attempts by the Brotherhood to recruit other powerful individuals to their cause, including [Namor, the Sub-Mariner](/wiki/Namor_McKenzie_(Earth-616)), [[140]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_6-140) the Blob, [[125]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_7-125) and the thunder god [Thor](/wiki/Thor_Odinson_(Earth-616)). [[141]](#cite_note-Journey_Into_Mystery_Vol_1_109-141) Ultimately, the X-Men witnessed the end of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants during an encounter with the powerful alien being known as the [Stranger](/wiki/Stranger_(Cosmic_Being)_(Earth-616)), who kidnapped Magneto and the Toad for study and turned Mastermind into stone, neutralizing their threat.

    [[142]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_11-142) After their graduation, [[125]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_7-125) the X-Men were torn apart by the rise of alarming and fanatical anti-movement hysteria. [[114]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_8-114) As the group faced these struggles, a future version of Beast came upon the young students to transport them to the future in hopes of inspiring the decadent mutant society. [[143]](#cite_note-All-New_X-Men_Vol_1_1-2-143) The time-displaced [X-Men](/wiki/X-Men_(Time-Displaced)_(Earth-616)) spent a long period of time in the future, eventually returning with their memories of this experience blocked. Upon their return, they resumed their adventures, [[144]](#cite_note-Extermination_Vol_1_5-144) such as fighting [Unus the Untouchable](/wiki/Gunther_Bain_(Earth-616)). [[114]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_8-114) Afterwards, Professor X left Cyclops in charge of the school to thwart the alien [Lucifer](/wiki/Lucifer_(Quist)_(Earth-616)) from conquering the world, a plot foiled thanks to the assistance of the X-Men and the [Avengers](/wiki/Avengers_(Earth-616)), sparking the long-standing association and rivalry between the two superhero teams. [[145]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_9-145) Amidst their adventures, the X-Men also found a valuable ally in [Ka-Zar](/wiki/Kevin_Plunder_(Earth-616)) at the South Pole, where they investigated the hidden tropical paradise called the [Savage Land](/wiki/Savage_Land).

    [[146]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_10-146) Furthermore, a dangerous threat emerged in the form of Professor Xs stepbrother, [Cain Marko](/wiki/Cain_Marko_(Earth-616)), who wielded mystical powers as the unstoppable Juggernaut, [[147]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_12-147) but was defeated by the X-Men with the aid of the [Human Torch](/wiki/Jonathan_Storm_(Earth-616)). [[148]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_13-148) Anti-mutant sentiment was on the rise, prompting scientist [Bolivar Trask](/wiki/Bolivar_Trask_(Earth-616)) to engineer the [Sentinels](/wiki/Sentinels) – massive mutant-hunting robots with the purpose of apprehending and incapacitating mutants. [[149]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_14-149) Unexpectedly, the robots revolted against their own creator, seizing both Trask and Professor X to subject them to their robotic overlord, the sinister [Master Mold](/wiki/Master_Mold_(Earth-616)), who planned to enslave the entire human race. The X-Men saved Xavier and devised a strategy to dismantle the menace of the Sentinels. [[150]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_15-150) The encounter culminated with Trasks demise, but his legacy would haunt mutantkind since his deadly machines became the greatest threat mutantkind faced in the years to come.

    [[151]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_16-151) [Factor Three Conspiracy](/wiki/Factor_Three_(Story_Arc)) Barely recovered from their war against the Sentinels, the X-Men were once again targeted by Magneto, [[152]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_17-152) who, despite his attempts, was defeated and recaptured by the Stranger. [[153]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_18-153) In the midst of these challenges, Lucifer resurfaced to execute his masters alien invasion. He commanded the Blob and Unus to pose as X-Men to tarnish the teams reputation as well as distract them. [[154]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_20-154) Although the Blob and Unus escaped, the X-Men persevered and successfully foiled Lucifers wicked scheme. [[155]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_21-155) Other non-mutant threats were also the interest of the X-Men, such as combating [Count Nefaria](/wiki/Luchino_Nefaria_(Earth-616))s attempt to ransom Washington, D.C., [[156]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_22-23-156) battling the peculiar [Locust](/wiki/August_Hopper_(Earth-616)), [[157]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_24-157) preventing [El Tigre](/wiki/Juan_Meroz_(Earth-616)) from taking over the world with the power of the Mayan God, [Kukulcan](/wiki/Kukulkan_(Earth-616)), and stopping [the Warlock](/wiki/Maha_Yogi_(Earth-616))s world domination plot.

    [[158]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_30-158) Amidst these challenges, Jean Grey was compelled by her parents to leave Xaviers for [Metro College](/wiki/Metro_College), but remained part of the group, albeit with less regularity. [[157]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_24-157) Some time later, after the X-Men halted [Cobalt Man](/wiki/Ralph_Roberts_(Earth-616))s rampage at [Stark Industries](/wiki/Stark_Industries_(Earth-616)), [[159]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_31-159) his brother and Jean Greys friend [Ted Roberts](/wiki/Theodore_Roberts_(Earth-616)) asked for the teams help in rescuing his conflictuous brother, landing the young mutants in a conflict between the [Mole Man](/wiki/Harvey_Elder_(Earth-616)) and [Tyrannus](/wiki/Romulus_Augustulus_(Earth-616)). [[160]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_34-160) Having crossed paths with the troubled [Mimic](/wiki/Calvin_Rankin_(Earth-616)), a bitter young man who had the ability to replicate other superhumans superpowers, the X-Men had their secret identities uncovered. A battle ensued, concluded with Mimic stripped of his powers and with no memory of the X-Mens true identities. [[161]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_19-161) Later, fearing an imminent threat, Professor X pressed the group to find new recruits.

    Despite unsuccessful attempts to recruit Quicksilver, the Scarlet Witch, and [Spider-Man](/wiki/Peter_Parker_(Earth-616)), they managed to ironically enlist the Mimic, who had just regained his memories and powers following a lab explosion at Metro College. He joined the X-Men despite the Puppet Master having used him as his pawn to destroy the group. [[59]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_27-59) His tenure was brief though, since he lost his powers after facing the [Super-Adaptoid](/wiki/Super-Adaptoid_(Earth-616)). [[162]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_29-162) The threat Professor X feared was the [Factor Three](/wiki/Factor_Three_(Earth-616)), an organization that dispatched [Ogre](/wiki/Brian_Dunlap_(Earth-616)) and the enslaved [Banshee](/wiki/Sean_Cassidy_(Earth-616)) to kidnap him. Successfully freeing Banshee from Factor Threes control, the X-Men easily defeated Ogre. [[163]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_28-163) Factor Three struck again when Professor X sought to free his stepbrother from the powers of the Juggernaut. The resulting experiment of both science and sorcery revived Juggernaut, and Xavier nearly lost his life. Factor Three took the opportunity to mentally approach the Juggernaut for their cause.

    [[164]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_32-164) The X-Men ultimately stopped the Juggernaut with the aid of [Doctor Strange](/wiki/Stephen_Strange_(Earth-616)), who banished him to the [Crimson Cosmos](/wiki/Crimson_Cosmos). Nonetheless, during the chaos, Factor Three managed to vanish with Professor X hostage. [[165]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_33-165) Banshee located Factor Threes European headquarters, but had his contact to the X-Men intercepted, leading the mutants to attack Spider-Man, who was mistaken as a member of Factor Three. [[166]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_35-166) Not able to finance the airfare to Europe, the X-Men resorted to a wealthy philanthropist who needed help in stopping his sons rampage as the armored [Mekano](/wiki/Thomas_Regal_(Earth-616)). [[167]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_36-167) In Europe and accused of betraying mutantkind, the X-Men were captured by Factor Three, whose membership included the Vanisher, the Blob, Unus, Mastermind, the [Changeling](/wiki/Kevin_Sidney_(Earth-616)) and the mysterious [Mutant Master](/wiki/Mutant_Master_(Earth-616)). They revealed their plan of inciting a nuclear World War III by attacking both the [United States](/wiki/United_States_of_America) and the [Soviet Union](/wiki/Union_of_Soviet_Socialist_Republics), [[168]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_37-168) prompting the X-Men to split into two groups to ruin both plots.

    [[126]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_38-126) Face-to-face with the Mutant Master at his headquarters in the United States, [[169]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_39-169) the X-Men freed Professor with the assistance of the Changeling. It was revealed that the Mutant Master was one of the [Siris](/wiki/Siris), an alien race. Surprisingly, the X-Men and Factor Three joined forces to thwart the Mutant Master, parting peacefully though vowing to meet again as enemies. Upon returning to the X-Mansion, the X-Men were rewarded with new individual costumes designed by Jean Grey. [[169]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_39-169) Death of Professor X Having learned of an impending invasion by the [Znox](/wiki/Z%27nox_(Race)) alien race, Professor X made the hard decision to seclude himself to prepare a counterattack. A terminally ill Changeling, in need of a cause and aware of his limited time left, agreed to pose as Professor X, while the real one covertly expected for the invasion. Only Jean Grey was privy to this secret plan, as her mentor unlocked her telepathic powers, enabling her to understand and support the ruse while Changeling assumed his identity. [[12]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_65-12) As the subterranean [Grotesk](/wiki/Gor-Tok_(Earth-616)), a being mutated by the underground nuclear testing that had decimated his people, threatened the Earth, [[170]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_41-170) Changeling, posing as Professor X, sacrificed his life to stop the threat.

    [[171]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_42-171) After the funeral, the X-Men were tragically imprisoned by Magneto, who had reassembled the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants. [[172]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_43-172) Seeking vengeance against the Avengers as well, Magneto freed Angel, knowing he would serve as a bait to lure Earths Mightiest Heroes. [[173]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_44-45-173) [[173]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_44-45-173) Although Magneto pitted the X-Men and the Avengers against each other, the two groups succeeded in defeating him, who in turn seemingly perished in an explosion. [[174]](#cite_note-Avengers_Vol_1_53-174) At the X-Mansion, when the X-Men mourned their fallen mentor, they were received a visit from Agent Duncan, who shared Xaviers final will, in which he bequeathed his possessions and legacy to his beloved students. Juggernaut interrupted the moment, as he had been temporarily returned to Earth, though he was soon shunted off to the Crimson Cosmos once more after losing a battle to the X-Men. To add to their woes, Duncan informed the X-Men they were ordered by the government to disband for their own safety, leaving them torn between the call of duty and their desire to carry on Xaviers dream of coexistence between mutants and humans.

    [[175]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_46-175) The split proved to be short-lived, however. After Beast and Iceman battled the Warlock, rebranded as the Maha Yogi, [[176]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_47-176) and Cyclops and Marvel Girl confronted [Quasimodo](/wiki/Quasi-Motivational_Destruct_Organism_(Earth-616)), [[177]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_48-177) the group was drawn back together after Cerebro detected a large concentration of mutants in the [San Francisco](/wiki/San_Francisco) area. [[178]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_49-178) In their investigation, the X-Men met a mutant named [Lorna Dane](/wiki/Lorna_Dane_(Earth-616)) and learned that [Mesmero](/wiki/Mesmero_(Vincent)_(Earth-616)), a mutant hypnotist, was gathering an army of mutants under the banner of Magneto to enslave humanity. [[178]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_49-178) Believing Dane to be the daughter of Magneto, Mesmero took her and Iceman to his Mutant City, located outside of San Francisco, where her latent mutant magnetic powers were activated. The X-Men came to their rescue, but Dane refused to abandon [her supposed father](/wiki/Magneto_(Machinesmith_Android)_(Earth-616)) [[179]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_50-179) (actually an android impostor).

    [[180]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_58-180) The X-Men returned to destroy the Mutant City, having Cyclops posing as a villain named [Erik the Red](/wiki/Erik_the_Red) in order to infiltrate the militia. [[181]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_51-181) During the ensuing battle, Iceman provided Dane with evidence that she was not Magnetos daughter. She helped the X-Men defeat Mesmero, leading to the Mutant Citys detonation. Afterwards, Lorna Dane chose to stand with the X-Men. [[182]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_52-182) An accident during a test of one of the Xaviers inventions accidentally teleported [Blastaar](/wiki/Blastaar_(Earth-616)) from the [Negative Zone](/wiki/Negative_Zone) to Earth, where he was opposed by the X-Men and seemingly killed when the machine he was connected to malfunctioned. [[183]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_53-183) Afterwards, Cyclops reconnected with his younger brother, [Alex](/wiki/Alexander_Summers_(Earth-616)), who had recently graduated from university. In a bizarre event, Alex was captured by the eccentric [Living Pharaoh](/wiki/Ahmet_Abdol_(Earth-616)) [[129]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_54-129) and tracked by the X-Men to [Egypt](/wiki/Egypt). Revealed to be a mutant who could emit plasma energy, [[184]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_55-184) Alex had his powers harnessed to transform the Pharaoh into the Living Monolith.

    Although the link was severed and the villain defeated, Alex struggled to control his newly unleashed chaotic powers. [[185]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_56-185) Before the X-Men could help him, he got captured by Sentinels, rebuilt by [Larry Trask](/wiki/Lawrence_Trask_(Earth-616)) with the help of Judge [Robert Chalmers](/wiki/Robert_Chalmers_(Earth-616)). Trask sought revenge against mutants, and the X-Men in particular, for the death of his father, Bolivar. Baptizing Alex as Havok, Trask coerced the confused mutant into aiding him in capturing mutants. [[186]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_57-186) Havok ultimately joined the X-Men in defeating the Sentinels and exposing Trasks nature as a mutant to liberate the captives. [[180]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_58-180) In the end, Cyclops managed to convince the Sentinels to destroy the source of mutations, causing the robots to self-destruct themselves in a misguided mission to obliterate the sun. [[187]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_59-187) The X-Men entrusted a heavily injured Havok to the care of [Dr. Karl Lykos](/wiki/Karl_Lykos_(Earth-616)), who had a dark secret; he relied on absorbing the life force of others to survive. Unfortunately, after he absorbed the energies of mutants, Lykos underwent a monstrous metamorphosis, becoming the fearsome pterodactyl-like creature Sauron.

    [[67]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_60-67) He fled to Tierra del Fuego and reverted back to Lykos. He was followed by the X-Men, who were unable to stop him from committing suicide to avoid draining harming his lover, [Tanya](/wiki/Tanya_Anderssen_(Earth-616)). [[188]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_61-188) From there, the X-Mens journey had them venture into the Savage Land, where they reunited with Ka-Zar and joined him against the [Savage Land Mutates](/wiki/Savage_Land_Mutates_(Earth-616)). Parallel to this, a lost Angel was duped into joining the Mutates by their leader, the Creator, who was in fact Magneto. [[189]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_62-189) Uncovering the truth, Angel rejoined the X-Men in confronting Magneto, who had the mesmerizing [Lorelei](/wiki/Lani_Ubanu_(Earth-616)) brainwash the male X-Men. Immune to her influence, Jean Grey rebelled against the master of magnetism and led to his defeat, which caused his apparent demise and the destruction of his citadel. [[190]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_63-190) Returning to the United States, the X-Men went to Washington D.C. to stop the aggressive [Sunfire](/wiki/Shiro_Yoshida_(Earth-616)), a fiery mutant from [Japan](/wiki/Japan), from threatening an crucial conference between American and Japanese officials that involved his family.

    [[191]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_64-191) Back home, a shocking revelation awaited the X-Men: Professor X, presumed dead, miraculously appeared alive and well. He informed them to the imminent threat of a ZNox invasion. To counter the extraterrestrial menace, Professor X harnessed the combined powers of Cyclops and Havok, linking every mind on Earth to repel the invasion and safeguard the planet. [[12]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_65-12) The immense strain of the mental link left Professor X teetering on the edge of death. In a desperate bid to save their mentor, the X-Men embarked on a mission to find the [Hulk](/wiki/Bruce_Banner_(Earth-616)), Dr. Bruce Banners alter ego, who held the key knowledge to curing Xavier. [[192]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_66-192) [Hidden Years](/wiki/X-Men:_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1) Feeling betrayed by Xaviers secrets, Iceman decided to leave the team. Professor X then sent the X-Men back to the Savage Land to recover the body of Magneto after learning about what had transpired in his absence. [[193]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_1-193) The X-Men got involved in preventing the [NhuGhari](/wiki/Nhu%27Ghari) race from enslaving other Savage Land natives, while Jean Grey uncovered the truth about Magnetos survival.

    [[194]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_2-4-194) Eventually, the X-Men managed to capture Magneto, but he escaped during a storm, leaving Angel and his NhuGhari ally, [Avia](/wiki/Avia_(Savage_Land)_(Earth-616)), lost at sea. Meanwhile, Cyclops, Jean Grey, and the Beast were whisked away to Kenya, where they met the young mutant [Ororo](/wiki/Ororo_Munroe_(Earth-616)), who could control the weather, and helped her defeat the villain [Deluge](/wiki/Deluge_(Mutant)_(Earth-616)). [[195]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_5-7-195) Upon their return home, they were met by the Fantastic Four, [[196]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_7-196) who collaborated with Professor X to adress a ZNox crisis. Though the X-Men had prevented an invasion on Earth, the ZNox redirected their invasion fleet to another world. The heroes went to space, where Jean Greys mind was briefly connected with the cosmic entity [Phoenix](/wiki/Phoenix_Force_(Earth-616)). In a joint effort, the X-Men and the Fantastic Four shunted the ZNox home-world into the Negative Zone, where it could not harm other civilizations. [[197]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_8-9-197) Professor X and Beast temporarily left the X-Mansion to monitor a newly detected mutant named [Ashley Martin](/wiki/Ashley_Martin_(Earth-616)), a young girl who had mental control over one of Trasks damaged Sentinels.

    [[198]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_10-13-198) Meanwhile, Cyclops and Jean Grey searched for Angel, with the help of his girlfriend [Candy Southern](/wiki/Candace_Southern_(Earth-616)). Captured by a man named [Stefan Krueger](/wiki/Stefan_Krueger_(Earth-616)), Angel and the X-Men were trafficked to the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, [[199]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_11-199) but overcame the villains. [[200]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_13-14-200) On the Savage Land, Havok, Lorna Dane, and an amnesiac Iceman got embroiled in a battle between Sauron and Magneto, which ended with Magnetos defeat and Iceman regaining his memories. [[201]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_2-12-201) While Xavier chose to stay with the Martins to monitor Ashley, the rest of the X-Men returned to the X-Mansion, where Candy warned Angel that his uncle, the villain known as [Dazzler](/wiki/Burt_Worthington_(Earth-616)), had plans to marry [Angels widowed mother](/wiki/Kathryn_Worthington_(Earth-616)). [[202]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_14-202) The X-Men intervened, but could not prevent Angels mother from dying due to the poison administered by Dazzler.

    [[203]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_15-203) Finding Havok and Lorna Dane gone in a mission to investigate mutant presence in the [Himalayas](/wiki/Himalayas), the X-Men went after them and discovered that Cerebros initial signal had picked up the hidden realm of the [Inhumans](/wiki/Inhumans_(Inhomo_supremis)). [[204]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_16-204) Returning home, they found their friend Avia poisoned by [Kraven the Hunter](/wiki/Sergei_Kravinoff_(Earth-616)), who challenged one of the X-Men to beat him in combat for the cure. Beast accepted, winning the duel and securing the antidote. [[205]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_17-205) Dane vanished soon after, being put under the mental control of [Tad Carter](/wiki/Tad_Carter_(Earth-616)). The X-Men found out that Carter was part of the [Promise](/wiki/Promise_(Earth-616)), mutants who intended to shape human and mutantkind. [[206]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_18-206) Following a brief confrontation, some of the X-Men were sent to their doom, ending up unconscious in the realm of the Mole Man. [[207]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_19-207) Meanwhile, Magneto and the Sub-Mariner carried on an attack on Earth, which was being opposed by the Fantastic Four.

    [[207]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_19-207) [[208]](#cite_note-Fantastic_Four_Vol_1_103-104-208) Ultimately, the rest of the X-Men escaped from the Mole Mans clutches and were reunited with Angel, while Havok managed to free Dane from the Promise, who parted company when their leader [Tobias Messenger](/wiki/Tobias_Messenger_(Earth-616)) was secretly killed by one of their own. After these events, Professor X returned to his X-Men at the X-Mansion. [[209]](#cite_note-X-Men_The_Hidden_Years_Vol_1_22-209) Beast left the X-Men for a position at the [Brand Corporation](/wiki/Brand_Corporation_(Earth-616)) where he further mutated while battling the [Secret Empire](/wiki/Secret_Empire_(Earth-616)). [[210]](#cite_note-Amazing_Adventures_Vol_2_11-210) In an effor to get revenge against the Avengers, Magneto invaded the X-Mens home, incapacitating them to collect power. [[211]](#cite_note-Avengers_Vol_1_111-211) This made the X-Men vulnerable to the Secret Empire, who targeted them and other mutants to serve as a valuable power source. Professor X had his remaining X-Men join forces with [Captain America](/wiki/Steven_Rogers_(Earth-616)) and the [Falcon](/wiki/Samuel_Wilson_(Earth-616)) to defeat the Secret Empire and free the other captured mutants.

    [[212]](#cite_note-Captain_America_Vol_1_172-175-212) [Deadly Genesis](/wiki/X-Men:_Deadly_Genesis_Vol_1) Cerebro registered a large mutant energy signature on the island [Krakoa](/wiki/Krakoa_(Earth-616)), in the remote [Pacific Ocean](/wiki/Pacific_Ocean). The X-Men were dispatched by Professor X to investigate, but learned to their dismay that the entire island was one single mutant environment, which restrained them in order to feed on their life-force. [[26]](#cite_note-Giant-Size_X-Men_Vol_1_1-26) To save his students, Professor X desperately gathered a group of mutants previously mentored by Moira to form a new team of X-Men. These X-Men included [Petra](/wiki/Petra_(Earth-616)), [Sway](/wiki/Suzanne_Chan_(Earth-616)), [Darwin](/wiki/Armando_Mu%C3%B1oz_(Earth-616)), and [Kid Vulcan](/wiki/Gabriel_Summers_(Earth-616)), the latter being Cyclops long-lost youngest brother. The inexperienced group ventured to Krakoa only to be rapidly overwhelmed by the island: Petra and Sway were murdered by the island while Darwin and Kid Vulcan, unbeknownst to everyone, survived by forcing themselves into a dormant state. Their sacrifice allowed Cyclops to break free and return to Professor X in shock over the ordeal.

    Professor X telepathically erased the memories of Moiras ill-fated group from Cyclops mind, leading him to believe he had escaped on his own. [[213]](#cite_note-X-Men_Deadly_Genesis_Vol_1_6-213) [[214]](#cite_note-Classic_X-Men_Vol_1_1-214) Determined to rescue his captured X-Men, Professor X assembled another team of mutants from all corners of the world to face Krakoa. The diverse group included [Nightcrawler](/wiki/Kurt_Wagner_(Earth-616)), a demon-looking teleporter from Germany; [Wolverine](/wiki/James_Howlett_(Earth-616)), a ferocious berserker and federal agent from Canada; Banshee, the Irish former associate of Factor Three; Storm, the rebaptized windrider Ororo from the Serengeti; Sunfire, the son of the atom from Japan; [Colossus](/wiki/Piotr_Rasputin_(Earth-616)), a metallic strongman from Russia; and [Thunderbird](/wiki/John_Proudstar_(Earth-616)), a stubborn Native American. Through their combined strength and cooperation, both the original X-Men and the newly recruited members overpowered the malevolent island entity by propelling it into Earths orbit, effectively ending its threat. [[26]](#cite_note-Giant-Size_X-Men_Vol_1_1-26) The newly recruited X-Men struggled to bridge sociocultural gaps with the original first class upon returning to the X-Mansion.

    [[214]](#cite_note-Classic_X-Men_Vol_1_1-214) Cyclops had to adapt to the new dynamics of once again receiving orders from Professor X and commanding a group of older and more experienced X-Men who were not used to teamwork. During one of the new teams early missions, they responded to an Avengers call and faced Count Nefaria and his [Ani-Men](/wiki/Ani-Men_(Earth-616)), who had seized control of the nuclear weaponry in the [Valhalla Base](/wiki/Valhalla_Base). Though Nefaria was defeated, Thunderbird was tragically killed in action. [[215]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_94-95-215) As the X-Men coped with his loss, [[216]](#cite_note-Classic_X-Men_Vol_1_3-216) Moira was invited to move to the X-Mansion to assist Xavier in his work. Soon, she proved her worth as a combatant when helping the X-Men resist an invasion by the demonic [NGarai](/wiki/N%27Garai). [[217]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_96-217) All-New, All-Different X-Men In an attempt to eliminate Professor X, the [Shiar](/wiki/Shi%27ar) mercenary [Erik the Red](/wiki/Erik_the_Red_(Earth-616)) brainwashed Havok and Lorna Dane, rebranded as Polaris, into attacking the X-Men. His scheme failed, forcing a retreat. Simultaneously, mutant-hater [Stephen Lang](/wiki/Stephen_Lang_(Earth-616)) reactivated the deadly [Sentinels](/wiki/Sentinel_Mk_III), [[218]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_97-218) imprisoning some of the X-Men on a space station.

    [[219]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_98-219) The other X-Men were rallied to rescue their allies with pilot [Peter Corbeau](/wiki/Peter_Corbeau_(Earth-616))s assistance. [[220]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_99-220) Upon reentry to Earth after destroying Langs operations, Jean Grey pushed her powers to the limit to save the X-Men, holding their spacecraft together and shielding her teammates from intense radiation. [[221]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_100-221) Believed dead upon their crash landing in New Yorks [Jamaica Bay](/wiki/Jamaica_Bay), Jean Grey emerged from the depths of the ocean before the X-Men as Phoenix, reborn with vast cosmic powers. [[86]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_101-86) As Phoenix recovered, the X-Men journeyed to Banshees inherited [Cassidy Keep](/wiki/Cassidy_Keep), where they combated his nefarious cousin, [Black Tom Cassidy](/wiki/Thomas_Cassidy_(Earth-616)), who had allied himself with the Juggernaut. [[222]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_101-103-222) Relentelessly trying to attack Professor X, Erik the Red assisted Magneto in ambushing the X-Men, who were forced to escape following Magnetos triumph. [[223]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_104-223) Redirecting their attention to Erik the Red, the X-Men clasched with his ally, the powerful [Firelord](/wiki/Pyreus_Kril_(Earth-616)).

    During the fight, it was revealed that Erik the Red had been assigned by the mad Shiar Emperor [Dken](/wiki/D%27ken_Neramani_(Earth-616)) to hunt down and capture his dissident sister [Lilandra](/wiki/Lilandra_Neramani_(Earth-616)) as she had sought help with Professor X. Phoenix defeated Firelord and sent the X-Men to space to save Lilandra, [[224]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_105-224) and aid her in stopping her brother from using the power of the [Mkraan Crystal](/wiki/M%27kraan_Crystal) for universal domination. Emperor Dken controlled the powerful [Imperial Guard](/wiki/Imperial_Guard_(Earth-616)) and unleashed their force to annihilate the X-Men. Fortunately, the X-Men allied themselves with the [Starjammers](/wiki/Starjammers_(Earth-616)), a revolutionary crew of space-faring pirates, [[225]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_107-225) led by Cyclops father, [Corsair](/wiki/Christopher_Summers_(Earth-616)). The crisis escalated with reality hung in the balance, and Phoenix harnessed her stupendous powers to restore the damaged Mkraan Crystal. Dken was driven insane and was dethroned. In the aftermath of their victory, the X-Men returned to Earth accompanied by Lilandra, who had been temporarily exiled from her home.

    [[226]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_108-226) Facing challenges at the X-Mansion, the X-Men were first targeted by [Weapon Alpha](/wiki/James_Hudson_(Earth-616)), a Canadian military superhero sent to retrieve Wolverine for [Department H](/wiki/Department_H_(Earth-616)). However, Weapon Alpha was heavily outnumbered by the X-Men and had no choice but to retreat. [[227]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_109-227) Then, the mercenary [Warhawk](/wiki/Mitchell_Tanner_(Earth-616)) trapped the X-Men in their Danger Room, but the group persevered and defeated the villain for hire. [[228]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_110-228) Next, the X-Men were brainwashed by Mesmero into becoming circus performers. Beast assessed the situation to recover his friends. As they broke free from the manipulations, the X-Men were intercepted by a vengeful Magneto, [[229]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_111-229) who kidnapped [[230]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_112-230) and tortured them using his robotic creation, [Nanny](/wiki/Nanny_(Magneto%27s_Robot)_(Earth-616)). In their escape, the X-Men destroyed Magnetos base, but became separated from Phoenix and Beast [[231]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_113-231) in the Savage Land, with each group presuming the other to be dead.

    Phoenix and Beast returned to the school to give Xavier the tragic news of the X-Mens demise. Grieving for his fallen students and believing to have nothing to keep him on Earth, [[232]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_114-232) Xavier chose to accompany Lilandra to the Shiar space as her consort. [[120]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_117-120) In the Savage Land, the X-Men faced Sauron, [[232]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_114-232) who reverted to his Dr. Lykos identity and informed them to be an ally of Ka-Zar against [Garokk the Petrified Man](/wiki/Garokk_(Earth-616)) and the priestess [Zaladane](/wiki/Zala_Dane_(Earth-616)) disrupting the Savage Lands delicate ecosystem. [[233]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_115-233) Following their victory against the villains, the X-Men set sail for home. [[234]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_116-234) Adrift in the raging ocean, they were rescued by a Japanese ship [[120]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_117-120) to [Agarashima](/wiki/Agarashima), where they joined Sunfire and the [Daughters of the Dragon](/wiki/Daughters_of_the_Dragon_(Earth-616)) in opposing the warlord [Moses Magnum](/wiki/Moses_Magnum_(Earth-616)). Though the heroes prevailed, Banshee injured his vocal cords in action and was left powerless.

    [[235]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_118-119-235) On their way back home, the X-Men were ambushed by Weapon Alpha, who now went by the name Vindicator, along with his team [Alpha Flight](/wiki/Alpha_Flight_(Earth-616)) to return Wolverine to Department H. [[236]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_120-236) Wolverine escaped by deceiving Alpha Flight into believing he would comply. [[237]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_121-237) Having finally returned home, the X-Men found the X-Mansion uninhabited. [[238]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_122-238) They were then trapped by the maniac [Arcade](/wiki/Arcade_(Earth-616)), who had been hired by Black Tom and Juggernaut, in his [Murderworld](/wiki/Murderworld). Forced to be part of deadly games, [[239]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_123-239) the X-Men ultimately turned the tables on Arcade, overpowering him and securing their freedom. [[240]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_124-240) Wishing to safeguard the realm of [Polemachus](/wiki/Polemachus), [Arkon the Magnificent](/wiki/Arkon_(Earth-616)) aggressively pursued Storm. Despite his bruthal methods, the X-Men ultimately aided him in restoring the stability of his domain. [[241]](#cite_note-X-Men_Annual_Vol_1_3-241) Upon returning hope home, the X-Men were unexpectedly met by the Beast at the X-Mansion.

    He informed them that Phoenix had also survived Magnetos onslaught and found refuge at Moiras [Research Station](/wiki/Muir-MacTaggert_Research_%26_Development) on [Muir Island](/wiki/Muir_Island). [[242]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_125-242) However, Muir Island came under attack by [Proteus](/wiki/Kevin_MacTaggert_(Earth-616)), the reality-warping mutant son of Moira. Sensing the urgency, the X-Men intervened to face the threat. [[243]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_126-243) Although seemingly invincible, [[244]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_127-244) Proteus possessed a vulnerability to metal, leaving him defenseless against the unyielding might of Colossus steel fists. The victory marked a joyous reunion for the X-Men, allowing them to return home without the burden of sorrow. In spite of his injuries, Banshee had stood by the X-Mens side throughout the battle. Yet, he came to a realization that his heart belonged with Moira on Muir Island, leading him to part ways with the X-Men to remain by her side. [[245]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_128-245) The Fate of the Phoenix Returned to Earth, Professor X found his X-Men alive. However, out of touch with the experienced group of mutants, he inconveniently treated them as students, igniting debates with field leader Cyclops.

    Furthermore, Professor X also wished to recruit new mutants for the school. The potential candidates were [Kitty Pryde](/wiki/Katherine_Pryde_(Earth-616)), a young and gifted girl with intangibility powers, and [Dazzler](/wiki/Alison_Blaire_(Earth-616)), a captivating performer with light-based abilities. These two mutants also captured the attention of the macabre mutant secret society known as the [Hellfire Club](/wiki/Hellfire_Club_(Earth-616)). Pryde was directly approached by the telepath [Emma Frost](/wiki/Emma_Frost_(Earth-616)), the Hellfire Clubs high ranked White Queen. Frosts intentions were far from benevolent as she captured many of the X-Men to achieve her objectives. A brave Pryde contacted the remaining X-Men to confront Frost, who was overpowered and defeated by a ferocious Phoenix. Dazzler declined the invitation to join the X-Men, opting instead to lead an ordinary life as a star. On the other hand, Prydes parents contemplating enrolling her at Xaviers School. This decision was catalyzed by Professor Xs use of his psychic abilities to alter their memories, erasing traces of the recent tumultuous incidents. [[246]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_129-131-246) Over the span of several months, Mastermind, harboring ambitions of joining the Hellfire Club, had been meticulously weaving illusory fantasies within Phoenixs mind.

    His fabrications awoke the darkest recesses of her soul, corrupting her to embrace the role of the Black Queen within the Hellfire Club to expand their power and influence. The X-Men investigated their secretive Inner Circle, namely [Sebastian Shaw](/wiki/Sebastian_Shaw_(Earth-616)), [Donald Pierce](/wiki/Donald_Pierce_(Earth-616)), and [Harry Leland](/wiki/Harold_Leland_(Earth-616)). [[247]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_132-247) The ruthless Black Queen cruelly chained and tortured the X-Men. [[248]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_133-248) Amidst the dire situation, the only unshackled X-Man, Wolverine, counterattacked the formidable forces of the Hellfire Club by himself. Unexpectedly, in the commotion, Phoenix broke free from Masterminds control, but his manipulations caused her to devolve into the vile and erratic Dark Phoenix. [[249]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_134-249) The unleashed transformation was overwhelming, demonstrated by the destruction of the X-Mens [Blackbird](/wiki/X-Men_Blackbird) aircraft and Phoenix abruptly departing from Earth. Driven by a voracious hunger for the same potency she had experienced while mending the Mkraan Crystal, Phoenix journeyed to a distant star within the Shiar Galaxy to harness energy, leading to the cataclysmic obliteration of a nearby planet teeming with billions of [alien](/wiki/D%27bari_(Race)) lives.

    [[250]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_135-250) In turmoil, Dark Phoenix returned to Earth. Beast employed a neutralizer he had designed to quell the all-powerful entity. Simultaneously, Xavier, aided by Angel, placed mental barriers in her mind to allow Jean Greys personality reassert control. [[251]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_136-251) Due to the massacre in their Empire, the Shiar arrived on Earth demanding the execution of Phoenix. In response, Xavier invoked Arinnn Haelar, an irrefutable Shiar duel of honor. Confident that her Imperial Guard would win, Majestrix Lilandra accepted to challenge the X-Men, pitting her champions against the X-Men in a monumental battle. The mutants fell one by one during a long battle on the [Blue Area of the Moon](/wiki/Blue_Area_of_the_Moon). When only Cyclops and Phoenix remained standing, the former was hit by a stray energy bolt, inflicting a critical wound. Set into a panic, Jean Grey was provoked to unleash her power as Dark Phoenix. Xavier issued a dire command to his X-Men: they were to confront and subdue Phoenix, even at the risk of losing her forever to protect the solar system. In a climactic turn, Jean Grey wrested control from her evil tendencies once more and made the heart-wrenching decision to activate a potent weapon to trigger her own sacrifice and prevent another catastrophe.

    [[252]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_137-252) Uncanny Adventures Following Jean Greys funeral, Kitty Pryde assumed residence at the school as the newest X-Man, Sprite. Another addition was Angel, who decided to remain a member of the X-Men. On the other hand, Cyclops chose to take a hiatus, in order to use his time away to cope with the loss of his beloved partner. [[72]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_138-72) In the wake of these changes, the responsibility of leading the X-Men fell to Storm, who stepped up as a successor to Cyclops. [[16]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_139-16) Amidst these dynamic shifts, Nightcrawler faced an unexpected mystical assault orchestrated by his foster mother, [Margali](/wiki/Margali_Szardos_(Earth-616)). United with the sorcerers [Doctor Strange](/wiki/Stephen_Strange_(Earth-616)) and [Amanda Sefton](/wiki/Jimaine_Szardos_(Earth-616)), the X-Men assisted Nightcrawler in guiding Margali away from her vengeful path. [[253]](#cite_note-X-Men_Annual_Vol_1_4-253) Simultaneously, Storm took on the role of mentoring Pryde through her integration into the Xavier School, while Wolverine and Nightcrawler lent their aid to Alpha Flight in pursuing and capturing the cannibalistic monster [Wendigo](/wiki/Georges_Baptiste_(Earth-616)) in the Canada wilderness.

    [[254]](#cite_note-X-Men_Vol_1_139-140-254) Storms leadership underwent a trial-by-fire when Prydes consciousness was psychically replaced by a [future version of herself](/wiki/Katherine_Pryde_(Earth-811)) known as Kate Pryde. Future Pryde claimed she had journey back in time to avert a [dystopic future](/wiki/Earth-811), a dire consequence of mutants becoming the target of immense fear and hatred following the assassination of [Senator Kelly](/wiki/Robert_Kelly_(Earth-616)), an anti-mutant politician. The execution was to be perpetrated by a new Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, led by the shape-shifter [Mystique](/wiki/Raven_Darkh%C3%B6lme_(Earth-616)) and comprised of [Destiny](/wiki/Irene_Adler_(Earth-616)), [Pyro](/wiki/St._John_Allerdyce_(Earth-616)), [Avalanche](/wiki/Dominikos_Petrakis_(Earth-616)), and the Blob. [[255]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_141-255) In the ensuing tumultuous conflict, Senator Kellys life was saved by the X-Men, and the Brotherhood was arrested, which thwarted the immediate descent into a catastrophic future for mutants. However, the Brotherhoods assault still triggered a surge in anti-mutant sentiment. This prompted federal agent [Henry Peter Gyrich](/wiki/Henry_Gyrich_(Earth-616)) to initiate [Project: Wideawake](/wiki/Project_Wideawake_(Earth-616)), which deployed Sentinels sanctioned by the U.

    S. government and redesigned with Sebastian Shaws technology as a response to the perceived mutant threat. [[256]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_142-256) Upon the revelation that Arcade had been abducted by [Doctor Doom](/wiki/Doombot), his associate, [Miss Locke](/wiki/Miss_Locke_(Earth-616)), resorted to coercing Storm into lead the X-Men to a perilous mission by abducting some of their family and allies. [[257]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_145-257) Despite the hostages managing to free themselves from Miss Lockes clutches, the X-Men still went to rescue Arcade driven by their commitment, only to discover an unexpected alliance between him and Doom. [[258]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_146-258) In a climactic confrontation, Storm unleashed her powers after being entrapped by a provoked Doctor Doom. The empowered feat allowed her to break free, liberate her captive teammates, and debate Arcades fate. [[259]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_147-259) As a repercussion, Angel came to the realization that Wolverines violent nature posed a threat, which prompted him to part ways with the team citing a misalignment with Professor Xaviers original vision of promoting peace. [[260]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_148-260) In his adventures away from the X-Men, Cyclops unexpected found himself stranded in Magnetos [Island M](/wiki/Island_M), situated in the [Bermuda Triangle](/wiki/Bermuda_Triangle).

    [[261]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_149-261) At the time, Magneto posited humanitys governments with a dreadful ultimatum: embrace mutant supremacy and renounce armed conflict forever. He exemplified his might by attacking a Soviet military submarine. Determined to thwart his perilous course of action, the X-Men infiltrated Magnetos stronghold, reuniting with Cyclops during the mission. In a critical moment, Pryde skillfully dismantled the central computer that controlled his formidable super-weapon. As a response, Magneto violently lashed out and almost claimed her life. Confronted by the horror of his actions against a child, Magneto ceased hostilities and departed, contemplating he had descended to the level of those who had ruthlessly massacred his family. [[262]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_150-262) Around this period, Xavier and Moira clandestinely forged an alliance with Magneto. Recognizing the ominous inevitability that mutantkind was probably fated to lose, they acknowledged that unity among mutants was the only path to ensure prosperity. [[263]](#cite_note-Powers_of_X_Vol_1_2-263) Around the period the X-Men faced Magneto, they found themselves entangled in a web of other challenges.

    At some point, the detective super heroine [Spider-Woman](/wiki/Jessica_Drew_(Earth-616)) urgently contacted them about the condition of the comatose [Carol Danvers](/wiki/Carol_Danvers_(Earth-616)), the Avenger formerly known as Ms. Marvel. Having fallen victim to the malicious [Rogue](/wiki/Rogue_(Anna_Marie)_(Earth-616)), Danvers had her powers and memories siphoned. Driven by her own agenda, Rogue extended her assault to the Avengers to bring freedom to her teammates from the Brotherhood of Evil. After the crisis, Danvers was entrusted to Xaviers care for recovery. [[264]](#cite_note-Avengers_Annual_Vol_1_10-264) In another mission, the X-Men joined forces with the [Invisible Girl](/wiki/Susan_Storm_(Earth-616)) to aid Arkon free Polemachus from the oppressive grip of the [Badoon](/wiki/Badoon). [[265]](#cite_note-X-Men_Annual_Vol_1_5-265) As the team faced these threats, a confrontation with the Hellfire Club ensued as well. In a nefarious plot, Emma Frost incapacitated Storm and Pryde, while Shaw and Leland unleashed Project: Wideawake Sentinels to assail the X-Men. Frost attempted to mentally usurp Storms body, but was ultimately defeated due to her inability to harness such immense weather manipulation powers.

    [[266]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_151-152-266) [The Brood](/wiki/Brood_(Race)) The political instability in the Shiar Galaxy brought chaos to the X-Men. The first sign of it manifested as Corsair crash-landing on Earth while being pursued by [Sidrian](/wiki/Sidri) bounty hunters, an accident that destroyed the X-Mansion. The Starjammers sought the assistance of the X-Men to thwart a rebellion against Majestrix Lilandra. However, they had been framed for Lilandras alleged kidnapping. [[267]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_154-267) The true perpetrators of the sinister plot was the Majestrixs sister [Deathbird](/wiki/Cal%27syee_Neramani_(Earth-616)) in coalition with the monstrous parasitic aliens know as the [Brood](/wiki/Brood_(Race)). The situation grew dire as Colossus was mortally wounded during a battle which culminated with Professor X and Lilandra being captured by Deathbird. [[268]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_155-268) Assisted by the Starjammers, the X-Men managed to heal Colossus and rescue the hostages. [[269]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_156-269) Despite their success, Deathbirds lackey [Admiral Samédàr](/wiki/Sam%C3%A9d%C3%A0r_(Earth-616)) was able to influence the Shiar into planning to obliterate Earth.

    The X-Men were able to unravel the truth and intervene to halt the rebellion against the Shiar Empire. This caused Lilandra to be reinstated to power. However, Professor Xaviers contact with the Brood caused him to fall into a coma. [[270]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_157-270) As the X-Men faced extraplanetary challenges, mundane issues still plagued their existence. The escalating anti-mutant sentiment concerned the X-Men, particularly during a television interview with Senator Kelly. Given their early connections with the FBI, the X-Men believed themselves to be vulnerable due to the extensive files the bureau possessed on many of their members. In response, Carol Danvers used her influence to have the X-Men infiltrate the [Pentagon](/wiki/Pentagon) to upload an open-ended virus to erase all references from the governments records. The operation thrust them into a perilous fight with Mystique and Rogue in a tense struggle. [[271]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_158-271) In addition to this, two life-altering threats with beings of extreme evil were experienced by the X-Men. First, Storm fell victim to the lord of vampires [Dracula](/wiki/Vlad_Dracula_(Earth-616)). [[272]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_1589-272) Subsequently, [Illyana](/wiki/Illyana_Rasputin_(Earth-616)), the younger sister of Colossus, was abducted by the demon-lord [Belasco](/wiki/Belasco_(Earth-616)), being consigned to years of torment in his temporally unstable demonic realm, [Limbo](/wiki/Limbo_(Otherplace)).

    The X-Men emerged victorious in rescuing both Storm and Illyana. [[273]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_160-273) However, the scars from these encountered would shape their destinies. As Xaviers condition reached a critical point, Deathbird and the Brood resurfaced. [[119]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_161-119) The X-Men, Lilandra, and Carol Danvers were kidnapped, having embryos implanted within them by the Brood Queen, setting the stage for a disturbing metamorphosis. [[274]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_162-163-274) In this setting, Xavier once more believed his pupils to have perished in battle. Meanwhile, intrigued by Danvers unique genetic code, the Brood subjected her to experiments, transforming her into the all-powerful Binary. [[275]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_164-275) The X-Men eventually escaped the ominous [“Sleazeworld”](/wiki/Sleazeworld), but desperation took over their lives, since the matured embryos would irreversibly render them conduits for the birth of warrior Brood. [[276]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_165-276) A glimmer of hope emerged when Storm was rescued by a young Acanti, a colossal space-faring creature that had been enslaved by the Brood to be utilized as living starships.

    Having nothing left to lose, the X-Men pledged to save the Acanti race. After freeing the Acanti prophet-singers soul from the depths of the Brood homeworld, the X-Men experienced a miraculous healing from the Brood infection. In a climactic showdown, carried out with Binarys might, the Brood Queen was vanquished. During the crisis, Kitty Pryde encountered and befriended the amicable alien dragon [Lockheed](/wiki/Lockheed_(Earth-616)), who accompanied her back to Earth. [[277]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_166-277) [[53]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_168-53) During the prolonged period of the X-Men being abducted by the Brood, the Xaviers School underwent reconstruction. However, a fully recovered Professor Xavier mourned the tragic demise of the X-Men and chose to abandon his dream of teaching young mutants. [[276]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_165-276) Moira was able to persuade him into forming a new class of adolescent mutants who needed guidance in controlling their special abilities. In order to spare them from danger, Professor X solely focused on training them in harnessing their powers rather than deploying them into action as he previously had with the X-Men. Despite this intention, the [New Mutants](/wiki/New_Mutants_(Earth-616)) ended up entangled in various battles regardless and occasionally provided support to the X-Men.

    [[278]](#cite_note-Marvel_Graphic_Novel_Vol_1_4-278) As the X-Men were ready to return home, they learned that a Brood Queen embryo had been implanted in Professor Xavier as a consequence of his first contact with the evil aliens. [[277]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_166-277) Racing against time, the X-Men ultimately discovered Xavier had already succumbed to transformation into one of the Brood while battling the startled New Mutants. Defeated and captured aboard the [Starjammer](/wiki/Starjammer_(Shi%27ar)), Xaviers mind was transplanted into a cloned body, which eventually enabled him to regain the use of his legs. [[279]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_167-279) Feared and Hated The rise of anti-mutant hysteria catalyzed the emergence of one of mutantkinds most abhorrent enemies, [Reverend William Stryker](/wiki/William_Stryker_(Earth-616)) and his fanatical [Purifiers](/wiki/Purifiers_(Earth-616)). These extremists harbored a deep-seated hatred towards mutants and pursued a ruthless religious agenda of eliminating them. Employing both media smear campaigns and physical assaults, the Purifiers relentlessly targeted the X-Men, ultimately capturing key members such as Professor X, Cyclops, and Storm after a press conference.

    The other X-Men investigated their disappearance, surprisingly forging an alliance with Magneto to confront the Purifiers and rescue their comrades. Stryker, however, had weaponized Xaviers telepathy, turning it against mutant minds. During one of his public sermons, the reverend was opposed by Magneto and the X-Men. As tensions escalated, Stryker, consumed by his own bigotry, threatened the life of the mutant heroes, only to meet his demise at the hands of a human police officer. Although Stryker was neutralized, his cause lived on. The difficult dilemma proved that Xavier and Magneto could learn from each other. [[280]](#cite_note-Marvel_Graphic_Novel_Vol_1_5-280) The complexities of mutant integration into society were also shown by the acts of erratic mutants. The X-Men found conflict in the form of the [Morlocks](/wiki/Morlocks_(Earth-616)), a community of disfigured mutant outcasts who lived underground and were led by the vicious [Callisto](/wiki/Callisto_(Earth-616)). One of their victims was the gorgeous Angel, who was ensnared by Callisto into [the tunnels the Morlocks dwelled](/wiki/Alley) to serve as her groom. Meanwhile, Pryde found herself kidnapped by another Morlock, [Caliban](/wiki/Caliban_(Earth-616)), [[281]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_169-281) whom she had encountered previously.

    [[260]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_148-260) The X-Men went on a mission to rescue their teammates, sparking a brutal combat between Storm and Callisto, stipulated to be fought without the use of powers and to the death. [[282]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_170-282) Having emerged victorious, Storm assumed leadership of the Morlocks to secure Angels release. [[70]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_171-70) However, Pryde was soon involved in a similar predicament, as the Morlocks intended her to wed Caliban as a result of a promise she had made him. Following the X-Mens intervention, Caliban realized Pryde did not share his romantic affections and chose to release her in an amicable resolution. [[283]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_179-283) Struggling with her uncontrollable powers and fractured psyche, Rogue appealed to the X-Men for seeking asylum and help. Despite the X-Men being reluctant to accept Rogue in their sanctuary, Professor X insisted on accepting her as his new student, as part of his commitment to never abandon a mutant in need. [[70]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_171-70) Rogue swiftly demonstrated her value to the X-Men when she put herself at risk to rescue Wolverine and his fiancée, [Mariko](/wiki/Mariko_Yashida_(Earth-616)) of [Clan Yashida](/wiki/Clan_Yashida_(Earth-616)), from the clutches of [Viper](/wiki/Ophelia_Sarkissian_(Earth-616)) and the [Silver Samurai](/wiki/Kenuichio_Harada_(Earth-616)).

    [[284]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_172-173-284) However, tensions escalated when Mystique, deeply dissatisfied with Rogues departure from the Brotherhood, orchestrated an attack on the X-Men and abducted Professor X, demanding Rogues return. Rogue herself intervened to defuse the situation, persuading Mystique to abandon her scheme and release Xavier, averting further conflict between the two groups. [[285]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_177-178-285) The personal lives of the X-Men became intricately affected by their adventures. Following his return from space, Cyclops took a hiatus from the team and met [Madelyne Pryor](/wiki/Madelyne_Pryor_(Earth-616)) while visiting his grandparents in [Anchorage](/wiki/Anchorage). [[53]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_168-53) Pryor exhibited a striking resemblance to Jean Grey, and their connection rapidly blossomed into a relationship. [[286]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_170-173-286) Although Mastermind attempted to disrupt their romance, his schemes were thwarted by the X-Men, who then celebrated Cyclops and Pryors wedding. While Mastermind failed to destroy Cyclops marriage, [[287]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_174-175-287) he succeeded in shattering Wolverines.

    As the X-Men grappled with these personal upheavals, Storm and Kitty Pryde also underwent profound transformations in their souls. Storm embraced dark facets of her nature, particularly after relating to the assassin known as [Yukio](/wiki/Yukio_(Earth-616)) in Japan. [[288]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_173-288) Similarly, Pryde also found herself profoundly changed after being brainwashed by Wolverines former sensei [Ogun](/wiki/Ogun_(Ninja)_(Earth-616)). Adopting a new mantle as Shadowcat, she reflected a darker attitude borne from her ordeal, symbolizing a significant shift in her character after Ogun was put down with Wolverines assistance. [[289]](#cite_note-Kitty_Pryde_and_Wolverine_Vol_1_1-6-289) Heroes in a world that hated and feared them, the X-Men were drawn to a mysterious structure that had emerged in Central Park. Suddenly abducted, [[290]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_180-290) they were transported to [Battleworld](/wiki/Battleworld_(Beyonder)), an artificial amalgamation of different worlds created by the enigmatic [Beyonder](/wiki/Beyonder_(Earth-616)). Alongside other super heroes, they were forced into a bizarre [contest](/wiki/Secret_Wars_(1984_Event)), being pitted against super villains.

    [[291]](#cite_note-Marvel_Super_Heroes_Secret_Wars_Vol_1_1-291) Having sided themselves with Magneto, the X-Men faced suspicion and rejection from other heroes. [[292]](#cite_note-Marvel_Super_Heroes_Secret_Wars_Vol_1_2-6-292) Eventually, as the conflict escalated, the X-Men reconciled with their fellow heroes, prioritizing solidarity to end the crisis. [[293]](#cite_note-Marvel_Super_Heroes_Secret_Wars_Vol_1_7-293) Together, they fought to depower [Doctor Doom](/wiki/Victor_von_Doom_(Earth-616)), whose insatiable thirst for power had led him to usurp energies from Galactus and the Beyonder. [[294]](#cite_note-Marvel_Super_Heroes_Secret_Wars_Vol_1_8-12-294) Having returned to Earth, the X-Men emerged in Japan, where they stood alongside Sunfire to defend against an [alien dragon monster](/wiki/Puff_(Earth-616)). [[295]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_181-295) Due to her past as former mutant terrorist as well as her recent involvement in infiltrating a [S.H.I.E.L.D.](/wiki/Strategic_Homeland_Intervention,_Enforcement_and_Logistics_Division_(Earth-616)) [Helicarrier](/wiki/S.H.I.E.L.D._Helicarrier), Rogue was perceived by the government as a threat to public safety. [[296]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_182-296) Responding to Henry Gyrichs demands and [Val Cooper](/wiki/Valerie_Cooper_(Earth-616))s consent, the brilliant mutant inventor and engineer [Forge](/wiki/Forge_(Earth-616)) devised a [dampening weapon](/wiki/Neutralizer_(Forge)) to nullify Rogues powers.

    In a tragic error, Gyrich inadvertently shot Storm instead during the operation, leaving the powerful wind-rider stripped of her abilities. [[297]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_185-186-297) Under Forges care in [Eagle Plaza](/wiki/Eagle_Plaza), [Dallas](/wiki/Dallas), Storm struggled to cope with her disconnection to the forces of nature. Alongside Forge and her fellow X-Men, she fearlessly confronted the extraterrestrial menace of the [Dire Wraiths](/wiki/Dire_Wraiths), demonstrating that her strength and valor transcended the mere possession of mutant abilities. Despite her condition, Storm exhibited resilience, proving her worth as the leader of the X-Men on the battlefield in missions to come. [[298]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_187-188-298) The arrival of the time-traveler [Rachel Summers](/wiki/Rachel_Summers_(Earth-811)) in the present timeline drew the attention of the mutant succubus [Selene](/wiki/Selene_Gallio_(Earth-616)), who coveted her potent life force. Rachel came from the dystopic future the X-Men averted by protecting Senator Kelly and was the offspring of Cyclops and Phoenix who could never be born. Having been rescued by the X-Men, Rachel was welcomed into their ranks.

    [[299]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_184-299) However, unbeknownst to all, she had been followed by the super-advanced and self-adapting sentinel called [Nimrod](/wiki/Nimrod_(Earth-811)), who posed a grave threat to mutantkind. [[300]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_191-300) Its existence became known to the X-Men as he cunningly exploited a mission to apprehend Juggernaut, thrusting itself into the public eye. [[301]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_194-301) Through calculated manipulation, Nimrod succeeded in portraying itself as a heroic figure by positioning itself as a paragon of resistance against the perceived mutant menace. [[302]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_197-302) Another shadow from the past came as the tragic death of Thunderbird haunted Xavier when he was kidnapped by [James Proudstar](/wiki/James_Proudstar_(Earth-616)), Thunderbirdss younger brother. Seeking vengeance against the X-Men for his brothers demise, Proudstars actions triggered a confrontation between the X-Men and Emma Frosts protégés, the [Hellions](/wiki/Hellions_(Earth-616)). Ultimately, Proudstar relented and released Xavier. [[303]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_193-303) When the omnipotent Beyonder emerged on Earth, Xavier psychically sensed his arrival in horror and mobilized the super hero community to oppose him.

    He not only assembled his X-Men for the mission, but also entrusted them to be led by Magneto. [[57]](#cite_note-Secret_Wars_II_Vol_1_1-57) [[304]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_196-304) However, Magneto was a target for the authorities. While attending a [Holocaust](/wiki/Holocaust_(Event)) memorial gathering, he was apprehended by [Freedom Force](/wiki/Freedom_Force_(Earth-616)), a federal mutant team led by Mystique and sanctioned by Val Cooper. [[305]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_199-305) Charged with past crimes, Magneto was thrust into a trial in Paris, where he was met with a partial exoneration. The event was marred by the interference of the fascistic [Fenris](/wiki/Fenris_(Earth-616)) twins, who endangered Magneto and Professor X in the labyrinthine Parisian sewers. Being half-drowned and in a near-death state, Xavier made a fateful decision to pass on the position of headmaster of his school to his old friend and nemesis Magneto. Xavier departed with Lilandra to recuperate from his injuries in the Shiar Galaxy. [[306]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_200-306) Masquerading as Xaviers cousin, Magneto undertook the responsibility of guiding the New Mutants at Xaviers School, in an attempt to experience Professor Xs dream.

    [[307]](#cite_note-New_Mutants_Vol_1_35-75-307) Considering the birth of his [son](/wiki/Nathan_Summers_(Earth-616)) with Madelyne Pryor, Cyclops made the difficult decision to step away from the X-Men, fully relinquishing the leadership role to Storm. [[308]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_201-308) With Professor X staying in the Shiar Galaxy and Magneto assuming the position of headmaster at the school, the dynamics within the X-Men underwent a major shift. The team became unrecognizable by the first class of X-Men. The return of Jean Grey from the throes of death compelled the original X-Men to keep Xaviers dream alive in the form of an independent mutant initiative named [X-Factor](/wiki/X-Factor_(Earth-616)). Under the guise of mutant hunters, X-Factor captured fellow mutants to covertly protect and training them, but kept themselves completely separate from the activities of the X-Men. [[309]](#cite_note-X-Factor_Vol_1_1-309) [Mutant Massacre](/wiki/Mutant_Massacre) Since Rachel claimed the power of the Phoenix, [[305]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_199-305) her presence became perceived as a danger by her fellow X-Men, particularly evident during her confrontation against the omnipotent Beyonder.

    [[310]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_202-203-310) Matters escalated when she attempted to assassinate Selene at the Hellfire Club, only to be intercepted and mortally wounded by Wolverine. [[311]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_207-311) In a bid to rescue Rachel and halt Selenes nefarious schemes, the X-Men allied themselves with the Morlocks, leading to a showdown at the Hellfire Club. The agglomeration of mutants drew the attention of Nimrod, [[312]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_208-312) prompting a united effort of all the mutants involved to successfully dismantle the highly advanced android. However, Rachel mysteriously vanished after falling into the clutches of the mysterious [Spiral](/wiki/Rita_Wayword_(Earth-616)) [[313]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_209-313) and her master, the dreadful [Mojo](/wiki/Mojo_(Mojoverse)). Other victims of Mojo and Spiral were the British telepath [Psylocke](/wiki/Elizabeth_Braddock_(Earth-616)) and the New Mutants [Wolfsbane](/wiki/Rahne_Sinclair_(Earth-616)) and [Sunspot](/wiki/Roberto_Da_Costa_(Earth-616)), who were ensnared in the twisted confines of [Mojoverse](/wiki/Mojoverse), but fortunately rescued by the remaining New Mutants. [[68]](#cite_note-New_Mutants_Annual_Vol_1_2-68) Mojos insidious ploys persisted as he dispatched the amnesiac hero [Longshot](/wiki/Longshot_(Mojoverse)) into the Danger Room, subsequently capturing the X-Men and [de-aging](/wiki/X-Babies_(Mojoverse)) them for his televised entertainment.

    Once more, the New Mutants saved the day. [[55]](#cite_note-X-Men_Annual_Vol_1_10-55) Following these tumultuous events, Psylocke and a comatose Longshot found refuge within the walls of the X-Mansion. The merciless [Marauders](/wiki/Marauders_(Earth-616)), secretly commanded by [Mister Sinister](/wiki/Nathaniel_Essex_(Mister_Sinister)_(Earth-616)), [[314]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_221-314) inflicted a devastating blow upon the X-Men by callously murdering the majority of the Morlocks dwelling in the sewer tunnels. [[315]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_210-315) Following the initial attack, the Morlocks went to the X-Men for help. The first clash with the Marauders proved to be catastrophic for the X-Men, leaving Nightcrawler in a coma, Shadowcat trapped in an intangible state, [[316]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_211-316) and Colossus paralyzed in his steel form. [[317]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_212-317) Being beyond the immediate aid of the X-Men, they were transferred to Muir Island for treatment under the care of Moira. [[318]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_215-217-318) The tragedy radicalized the X-Mens perception on violence and on how to deal with murderous enemies.

    [[317]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_212-317) Following the Morlock massacre, the Marauders relentlessly harassed the X-Men. One of their vilest members [Sabretooth](/wiki/Victor_Creed_(Earth-616)) launched an attack on the X-Mansion, in a brawl that left Cerebro in ruins. Due to her efforts in fighting the monster, Psylocke earned a position on the team. [[319]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_213-319) Another Marauder, [Malice](/wiki/Alice_MacAllister_(Earth-616)), attempted to possess Dazzler, who was saved by and joined the ranks of the X-Men after the incident. [[320]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_214-320) Upon arriving at Muir Island, the new recruits, alongside the recovered Longshot, had their baptism of fire by facing off the unstoppable Juggernaut. [[321]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_216-218-321) As they regrouped home, the X-Men encountered Havok, another target of Marauders, who had narrowly escaped an attack and rejoined the X-Men. However, where Dazzler escaped Malice, Polaris did not, becoming the new leader of the Marauders under her influence. [[322]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_219-322) Another prey of the Marauders was Madelyne Pryor and her son, who were brutally stalked by them.

    [[323]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_215-323) Such pressure caused the X-Men to switch roles and become the hunters in order to protect the targeted victims. Despite their efforts, the overpowered Marauders escaped after a fierce confrontation. Tragically, during the mayhem, Pryors baby vanished without a trace, leaving a haunting mystery in its wake. [[324]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_221-223-324) Shadowcats condition deteriorated as she lost corporeal cohesion. In desperate need of help, Magneto approached [Reed Richards](/wiki/Reed_Richards_(Earth-616)) of the Fantastic Four on the X-Mens behalf. However, Richards was hesitant to employ a device of his to stabilize Shadowcat, [[325]](#cite_note-Fantastic_Four_vs_the_X-Men_Vol_1_1-325) prompting a fight between the X-Men and Fantastic Four on Muir Island. Doctor Doom took advantage of the situation to offer his help instead. [[326]](#cite_note-Fantastic_Four_vs_the_X-Men_Vol_1_2-326) Ultimately, the X-Men agreed to join Doctor Doom in [Latveria](/wiki/Latveria) even if it mean being in his debt. [[327]](#cite_note-Fantastic_Four_vs_the_X-Men_Vol_1_3-327) The process was interrupted by the Fantastic Four, who decided to supervise the process that reversed Shadowcats disintegration.

    [[328]](#cite_note-Fantastic_Four_vs_the_X-Men_Vol_1_4-328) A similar conflict took place after Magneto was lured by the Avengers with information about the remains of Asteroid M in order to apprehend him. The X-Men stroke back. The fight escalated as the [Soviet Super-Soldiers](/wiki/Soviet_Super-Soldiers_(Earth-616)) arrived demanding Magnetos execution, [[329]](#cite_note-X-Men_vs_Avengers_Vol_1_1-329) and the X-Men escaped. Doctor Druid managed to infiltrate their Blackbird, [[330]](#cite_note-X-Men_vs_Avengers_Vol_1_2-330) forcing them to hide in [Singapore](/wiki/Singapore). However, as the actions of the Soviets put lives in danger, they saw themselves forced to reveal themselves and join forces with the Avengers to perform rescue missions. [[331]](#cite_note-X-Men_vs_Avengers_Vol_1_3-331) In the end, Magneto surrendered and faced trial. Although being judged innocent, his freedom sparked anti-mutant sentiment. [[332]](#cite_note-X-Men_vs_Avengers_Vol_1_4-332) [Fall of the Mutants](/wiki/Fall_of_the_Mutants) To restore her powers, Storm embarked on a journey to Eagle Plaza only to find it magically corrupted. [[333]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_220-333) The X-Men launched a search for her whereabouts, [[334]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_224-334) but their efforts were interrupted by Mystiques Freedom Force, who enforced the [Mutant Registration Act](/wiki/Mutant_Registration_Act) in an attempt to protect their lives using brute force.

    [[335]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_225-335) As the conflict raged, a rift tore open the sky unleashing a maelstrom of surreal phenomena. While the X-Men and Freedom Force protected civilians, Storms powers were restored with the spiritual guidance of Forge. [[336]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_226-336) It was revealed that the malevolent entity known as the [Adversary](/wiki/Adversary_(Earth-616)) was behind the crisis. The X-Men sacrificed their lives to empower a banishing spell cast by Forge. The world watched their final act on live television believing the legendary heroes had perished in the battle. Nevertheless, [Roma](/wiki/Roma_(Otherworld)) secretly intervened, resurrecting the fallen X-Men. Exhausted by relentless attacks from adversaries, the X-Men chose to use their apparent demise as a cover, retreating into the shadows as they were mourned. [[337]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_227-337) In the wake of the X-Mens end, Shadowcat, Nightcrawler, and Phoenix formed [Excalibur](/wiki/Excalibur_(Earth-616)), a group dedicated to preserving Xaviers dream and upholding the legacy of the X-Men. [[338]](#cite_note-Excalibur_Special_Edition_Vol_1_1-338) Though the X-Men escaped their former enemies, they soon faced a new threat.

    Relocated to the [Australian](/wiki/Australia) Outback, they confronted the ruthless mercenaries known as the [Reavers](/wiki/Reavers_(Earth-616)). After freeing [Gateway](/wiki/Gateway_(Earth-616)) and [Jessán Hoan](/wiki/Jess%C3%A1n_Hoan_(Earth-616)) from the villains grasp, they seized control of the mercenaries [highly technological complex](/wiki/Cooterman%27s_Creek). With the Reavers thrown out, Roma greeted the X-Men by granting them invisibility to electronic detection and presenting them with the [Siege Perilous](/wiki/Siege_Perilous), a mystical gem that could cast a portal that offered a fresh start in life to those who walked through it. [[339]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_229-230-339) During this tumultuous adaptation, the X-Men also battled mutants infected by the Brood in [Denver](/wiki/Denver) [[340]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_233-234-340) and became adversaries to the mutant-oppressive government of [Genosha](/wiki/Genosha) while rescuing [Jenny Ransome](/wiki/Jennifer_Ransome_(Earth-616)) and Madelyne Pryor in a covert ops mission on the island-nation. [[341]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_235-236-341) As the X-Men embarked on missions, Pryor played a crucial role as their tech support.

    In this solitary function, she gradually fell under the influence of the demon [Nastirh](/wiki/N%27astirh_(Earth-616)) from Limbo, ultimately striking a dark pact to locate her son, leading her to transform into the malevolent Goblin Queen. [[342]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_239-342) Meanwhile, the X-Men tracked the Marauders down in [Manhattan](/wiki/Manhattan). As the two groups warred each other, Nastirh transported Pryor to Mister Sinisters [orphanage](/wiki/State_Home_for_Foundlings), where she found her child and learned about her unsettling origin as a clone of Jean Grey. The corrupted Goblin Queen unleashed a hellish demonic invasion in New York City. [[343]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_240-241-343) During this [Inferno](/wiki/Inferno_(Event)), X-Factor also searched for the missing child, eventually meeting and teaming up with the X-Men for the first time to defeat Nastirh. [[344]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_242-344) In a desperate act, Pryor risked her own sons life, being opposed by the X-Men and X-Factor. Tragically, Pryor met her end in an attempt to take down Jean Grey. [[345]](#cite_note-X-Factor_Vol_1_38-345) Following Madelynes demise, the X-Men journeyed to the ruins of the X-Mansion to confront Mister Sinister, who had started a telepathic assaults on Jean Grey.

    [[346]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_243-346) After a grueling battle, Cyclops unleashed a devastating optic blast, seemingly obliterating Sinister once and for all. [[347]](#cite_note-X-Factor_Vol_1_39-347) Despite having survived a demonic inferno, the X-Men soon faced their end. Nimrod reactivated and merged with Master Mold, attacking Rogue and Psylocke in New York City. The X-Men rushed to aid their teammates, but were overpowered. As the last woman standing, Dazzler invoked the Siege Perilous to ensnare the robotic monstrosity within the otherworldly gateway. The Sentinel tenaciously seized Rogue as she attempted to force it through the portal. Confronted with no alternative, Dazzler blasted both into the Siege Perilous to eliminate the villain. Rogue was lost. [[348]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_246-247-348) Overcome by an existential crisis, Longshot decided to depart from the X-Men. Shortly thereafter, the psychotic villain known as [Nanny](/wiki/Eleanor_Murch_(Earth-616)) attacked the X-Men’s base, in a confrontation where Havok accidentally murdered Storm with his obliterating powers. The X-Men were then reduced to a mere fraction of their former roster. [[349]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_248-349) Dissolution & Rebirth After Havok received a distress call from Polaris, who appeared to be free from Malice’s influence, the X-Men ventured into the Savage Land to rescue her under Psylocke’s leadership.

    Upon arrival, they were ambushed by Magneto’s former mutates, now commanded by [Zaladane](/wiki/Zala_Dane_(Earth-616)). Despite the conflict, the X-Men resisted Zaladane’s forces and successfully helped Polaris. During their stay in the Savage Land, Psylocke telepathically uncovered that the Reavers meticulously planned for revenger for months. Now led by Donald Pierce and bolstered by the addition of [Lady Deathstrike](/wiki/Yuriko_Oyama_(Earth-616)), they would certainly annihilate the X-Men if chance given. [[350]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_249-250-350) To prevent the inevitable massacre of her teammates, Psylocke persuaded them to traverse the Siege Perilous. Although Wolverine fell into the clutches of the Reavers, the rest of the X-Men vanished from the world, effectively marking the dissolution of the team. [[351]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_251-351) Wolverine endured relentless torture at the hands of the Reavers for days, until being unexpectedly freed by [Jubilee](/wiki/Jubilation_Lee_(Earth-616)), a mutant child with the ability to generate explosive fireworks, who had been clandestinely residing at the X-Men’s base for weeks. Together, Wolverine and Jubilee escaped the Reavers.

    [[352]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_251-252-352) [[353]](#cite_note-Uncanny_X-Men_Vol_1_244-353) In [Hong Kong](/wiki/Hong_Kong), they discovered that the [Mandarin](/wiki/Mandarin_(Earth-616)) had consolidated his dominance over the city’s criminal underworld by forcing an alliance with the [Hand](/wiki/Hand

     
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